Mutation of the surface valine residues 8 and 44 in the rubredoxin from Clostridium pasteurianum: Solvent access versus structural changes as determinants of reversible potential

Zhiguang Xiao, Megan J. Maher, Maddalena Cross, Charles S. Bond, J. Mitchell Guss, Anthony G. Wedd

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    32 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Pr(i) sidechains of two adjacent valine residues, V8 and V44, define the surface of the rubredoxin from Clostridium pasteurianum and control access to its Fe(S-Cys)4 active site. To assess the effect of systematic change of the steric bulk of the alkyl sidechains, eight single and three double mutant proteins have been isolated which vary G (H), A (Me), V (Pr(i)), L (Bu(i)) and I (Bu(s)) at those positions. X-ray crystal structures of the Fe(III) forms of the V44A and V44I proteins are reported. Positive shifts in reversible potential of up to 116 mV are observed and attributed to increased polarity around the Fe(S-Cys)4 site induced by (1) changes in protein backbone conformation driven by variation of the steric demands of the side-chain substituents and (2) changes in solvent access to the sidechains of ligands C9 and C42. Data for the V44A mutant show that a minor change in the steric requirements of a surface residue can introduce a NH ··· Sγ hydrogen bond at the active site and lead to a shift in potential of +50 mV.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)75-84
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry
    Volume5
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000

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