Multimessenger search for sources of gravitational waves and high-energy neutrinos: Initial results for LIGO-Virgo and IceCube

M.G. Aartsen, M. Ackermann, J.H. Adams, J.A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, M. Ahrens, D. Altmann, T.S. Anderson, C.A. Argüelles, T.C. Arlen, J. Auffenberg, X. Bai, S.W. Barwick, V.C. Baum, J.J. Beatty, J. Becker Tjus, K.H. Becker, S. Benzvi, P. Berghaus, D. BerleyE. Bernardini, A. Bernhard, D.Z. Besson, G. Binder, D. Bindig, M. Bissok, E. Blaufuss, J. Blumenthal, D.J. Boersma, C. Bohm, F. Bos, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, L. Brayeur, H.P. Bretz, A.M. Brown, J.A. Casey, M. Casier, D. Chirkin, A. Christov, B. Christy, K.L. Clark, L. Classen, F. Clevermann, S. Coenders, D.F. Cowen, A.H. Cruz Silva, M. Danninger, J.D. Daughhetee, J.C. Davis, M. Day, J.P.A.M. De André, C. De Clercq, S. De Ridder, P. Desiati, K.D. De Vries, M. De With, T. Deyoung, J.C. Díaz-Vélez, M. Dunkman, R. Eagan, B. Eberhardt, B. Eichmann, J. Eisch, S. Euler, P.A. Evenson, O.O. Fadiran, A.R. Fazely, A. Fedynitch, J. Feintzeig, J. Felde, T. Feusels, K. Filimonov, C.B. Finley, T. Fischer-Wasels, S. Flis, A. Franckowiak, K. Frantzen, T.O.J. Fuchs, T.K. Gaisser, J.S.I. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, D. Gier, L.E. Gladstone, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, G.T. Golup, J.G. González, J.A. Goodman, D. Góra, D.T. Grandmont, D.R. Grant, P. Gretskov, J.C. Groh, A. Groß, C. Ha, C. Haack, A. Haj Ismail, P. Hallen, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, D. Hebecker, D. Heereman, D. Heinen, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, D. Hellwig, S. Hickford, G.C. Hill, K.D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, A. Homeier, K. Hoshina, F. Huang, W. Huelsnitz, P.O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hussain, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, J. Jacobsen, K. Jagielski, G.S. Japaridze, K. Jero, O. Jlelati, M. Jurkovič, B. Kaminsky, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, M. Kauer, J.L. Kelley, A. Kheirandish, J. Kiryluk, J. Kläs, S.R. Klein, J.H. Köhne, G. Kohnen, H. Kolanoski, A. Koob, L. Köpke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, D.J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, A. Kriesten, K. Krings, G. Kroll, M. Kroll, J. Kunnen, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, D.T. Larsen, M.J. Larson, M. Lesiak-Bzdak, M. Leuermann, J. Leute, J. Lünemann, O. Macías, J.R. Madsen, G.P. Maggi, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, H.S. Matis, F. Mcnally, K. Meagher, M. Medici, A. Meli, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, E. Middell, E. Middlemas, N. Milke, J.M.C.L. Miller, L. Mohrmann, T. Montaruli, R.M. Morse, R. Nahnhauer, U. Naumann, H. Niederhausen, S.C. Nowicki, D.R. Nygren, A. Obertacke, S. Odrowski, A. Olivas, A. Omairat, A. O'Murchadha, T.J. Palczewski, L. Paul, Ö. Penek, J.A. Pepper, C. Pérez De Los Heros, C.G. Pfendner, D. Pieloth, E. Pinat, J. Posselt, P.B. Price, G.T. Przybylski, J. Pütz, M. Quinnan, L. Rädel, M. Rameez, K. Rawlins, P. Redl, I. Rees, R. Reimann, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M.S. Richman, B.J.C.J. Riedel, S.H. Robertson, J.P. Rodrigues, M. Rongen, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, B. Ruzybayev, D. Ryckbosch, S.M. Saba, H.G. Sander, J. Sandroos, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, K. Schatto, F. Scheriau, T. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schoenen, S. Schöneberg, A. Schönwald, A. Schukraft, L. Schulte, O. Schulz, D. Seckel, Y. Sestayo, S. Seunarine, R.G. Shanidze, C. Sheremata, M.W.E. Smith., D. Soldin, G.M. Spiczak, C.H. Spiering, M. Stamatikos, T.S. Stanev, N.A. Stanisha, A. Stasik, T. Stezelberger, R.G. Stokstad, A. Stößl, E.A. Strahler, R. Ström, N.L. Strotjohann, G.W. Sullivan, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, A. Tamburro, A. Tepe, S.V. Ter-Antonyan, A. Terliuk, G. Tešić, S. Tilav, P.A. Toale, M.N. Tobin, D. Tosi, M. Tselengidou, E. Unger, M. Usner, S. Vallecorsa, N. Van Eijndhoven, J. Vandenbroucke, J. Van Santen, M. Vehring, M. Voge, M. Vraeghe, C. Walck, M. Wallraff, C.H. Weaver, M.T. Wellons, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, B.J. Whelan, N. Whitehorn, C. Wichary, K. Wiebe, C.H. Wiebusch, D.R. Williams, H. Wissing, M. Wolf, T.R. Wood, K. Woschnagg, D. Xu, X.W. Xu, J.P. Yáñez, G.B. Yodh, S. Yoshida, P. Zarzhitsky, J. Ziemann, S. Zierke, M.C.R. Zoll, J. Aasi, B.P. Abbott, R.S. Abbott, T. Abbott, M.R. Abernathy, F. Acernese, K. Ackley, C.A. Adams, T. Adams, P. Addesso, R.X. Adhikari, C. Affeldt, M. Agathos, N. Aggarwal, O.D. Aguiar, P.M. Ajith, A. Alemic, B. Allen, A. Allocca, D. Amariutei, M.F. Andersen, R.A. Anderson, S.B. Anderson, W.G. Anderson, K. Arai, M.C. Araya, C. Arceneaux, J.S. Areeda, S. Ast, S.M. Aston, P. Astone, P. Aufmuth, H. Augustus, C. Aulbert, B.E. Aylott, S.V. Babak, P.T. Baker, G. Ballardin, S.W. Ballmer, J.C.B. Barayoga, M. Barbet, B.C. Barish, D. Barker, F.R. Barone, B.W. Barr, L. Barsotti, M. Barsuglia, M.A. Barton, I. Bartos, R. Bassiri, A. Basti, J.C. Batch, J. Bauchrowitz, T.S. Bauer, C. Baune, V. Bavigadda, B. Behnke, M. Bejger, M.G. Beker, C. Belczynski, A.S. Bell, C.J. Bell, G. Bergmann, D. Bersanetti, A. Bertolini, J.C. Betzwieser, I.A. Bilenko, G.L. Billingsley, J. Birch, S. Biscans, M. Bitossi, C.M. Biwer, M.A. Bizouard, E.D. Black, J.K. Blackburn, L. Blackburn, David Blair, S. Bloemen, O. Bock, T.P. Bodiya, M. Boër, G. Bogaert, C. Bogan, P. Bojtos, C. Bond, F. Bondu, L. Bonelli, R. Bonnand, R. Bork, M. Born, V. Boschi, S.B. Böse, L.B. Bosi, C. Bradaschia, P.R. Brady, V.B. Braginsky, M. Branchesi, J.E. Brau, T. Briant, D.O. Bridges, A. Brillet, M. Brinkmann, V. Brisson, A.F. Brooks, D.A. Brown, D.D.E. Brown, F. Brückner, S. Buchman, A. Buikema, T. Bulik, H.J. Bülten, A. Buonanno, Ron Burman, D. Buskulic, C. Buy, L. Cadonati, G. Cagnoli, J. Calderón Bustillo, E. Calloni, J.B. Camp, P. Campsie, K.C. Cannon, B. Canuel, J. Cao, C.D. Capano, F. Carbognani, L. Carbone, S. Caride, G. Castaldi, S.E. Caudill, M. Cavaglià, F. Cavalier, R. Cavalieri, C. Celerier, G.C. Cella, C. Cepeda, E. Cesarini, R. Chakraborty, T. Chalermsongsak, S.J. Chamberlin, S. Chao, P.R. Charlton, E. Chassande-Mottin, Xu Chen, Y. Chen, A. Chincarini, A. Chiummo, H.S. Cho, M. Cho, J.H. Chow, N.L. Christensen, Qi Chu, S.S.Y. Chua, Shin Kee Chung, G.S. Ciani, F.M. Clara, D.E. Clark, J.A. Clark, J.H. Clayton, F. Cleva, E. Coccia, P.F. Cohadon, A. Colla, C. Collette, M. Colombini, L.R. Cominsky, M. Constancio, A. Conte, D. Cook, T.R.C. Corbitt, N.J. Cornish, A. Corsi, C.A. Costa, M.W. Coughlin, J.P. Coulon, S. Countryman, P. Couvares, David Coward, M.J. Cowart, D.C. Coyne, R. Coyne, K.K. Craig, J.D.E. Creighton, R.P. Croce, S.G. Crowder, A.V. Cumming, L. Cunningham, E. Cuoco, C. Cutler, K. Dahl, T. Dal Canton, M. Damjanic, Stefan Danilishin, S. D'Antonio, K.V. Danzmann, V. Dattilo, H.P. Daveloza, M. Davier, G.S. Davies, E.J. Daw, R. Day, T. Dayanga, D.B. Debra, G. Debreczeni, J. Degallaix, S. Deléglise, W. Del Pozzo, T. Denker, T. Dent, H. Dereli, V.A. Dergachev, R.D. De Rosa, R.T. Derosa, R. Desalvo, S.V. Dhurandhar, M.A. D́iaz, J. Dickson, L.D. Di Fiore, A.D. Di Lieto, I. Di Palma, A.D. Di Virgilio, V. Dolique, E. Domínguez, F. Donovan, K.L. Dooley, S. Doravari, R. Douglas, T.P. Downes, M. Drago, R.W.P. Drever, J.C. Driggers, Z. Du, M. Ducrot, S. Dwyer, T. Eberle, T. Edo, M.F. Edwards, A. Effler, H.B. Eggenstein, P. Ehrens, J. Eichholz, S.S. Eikenberry, G. Endröczi, R. Essick, T. Etzel, M.H. Evans, T. Evans, M. Factourovich, V. Fafone, S. Fairhurst, X. 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Harry, I.W. Harry, E.D. Harstad, M.V. Hart, M.T. Hartman, C.J. Haster, K. Haughian, A. Heidmann, M.C. Heintze, H.H. Heitmann, P. Hello, G. Hemming, M.A. Hendry, I. Heng, A.W. Heptonstall, M. Heurs, M.R. Hewitson, S. Hild, D. Hoak, K.A. Hodge, D.J. Hofman, K. Holt, P. Hopkins, T. Horrom, D. Hoske, D.J. Hosken, J.H. Hough, Eric Howell, Y. Hu, E.A. Huerta, B.J. Hughey, S. Husa, S.H. Huttner, M. Huynh, T. Huynh-Dinh, A. Idrisy, D.R. Ingram, R. Inta, G. Islas, T. Isogai, A. Ivanov, B.R. Iyer, K. Izumi, M. Jacobson, H. Jang, P. Jaranowski, Y. Ji, F. Jiménez-Forteza, W.W. Johnson, D.I. Jones, R.W.L. Jones, R.J.G. Jonker, Li Ju, K.H. Haris, P.I.P. Kalmus, V. Kalogera, S. Kandhasamy, G. Kang, J.B. Kanner, J. Karlen, M. Kasprzack, E. Katsavounidis, W. Katzman, H. Kaufer, S. Kaufer, Tejinder Kaur, K. Kawabe, F. Kawazoe, F. Kéfélian, G.M. Keiser, D. Keitel, D.B. Kelley, W.P. Kells, D.G. Keppel, A. Khalaidovski, F.Y.A. Khalili, E.A. Khazanov, C. Kim, K. Kim, N.G. Kim, N. Kim, S. Kim, Y.M. Kim, E.J. King, P.J. King, D.L. Kinzel, J.S. Kissel, S. Klimenko, J.S. Kline, S. Koehlenbeck, K. Kokeyama, V.S. Kondrashov, S. Koranda, W.Z. Korth, I.M. Kowalska, D.B. Kozak, V. Kringel, A. Królak, G. Kuehn, A.J. Kumar, D.N. Kumar, P.P. Kumar, R. Kumar, L. Kuo, A. Kutynia, P.K. Lam, M.R. Landry, B.T. Lantz, S.L. Larson, P.D. Lasky, A. Lazzarini, C. Lazzaro, P. Leaci, S.S. Leavey, E.O. Lebigot, C.H. Lee, H.K. Lee, H.M. Lee, J. Lee, P.J. Lee, M. Leonardi, J.R. Leong, A. Le Roux, N. Leroy, N. Letendre, Y.K. Levin, B.M. Levine, J.D. Lewis, T.G.F. Li, K.G. Libbrecht, A. Libson, A.C. Lin, T.B. Littenberg, N.A. Lockerbie, V. Lockett, D. Lodhia, K. Loew, J. Logue, A.L. Lombardi, E.L. López, M. Lorenzini, V. Loriette, M. Lormand, G. Losurdo, J. Lough, M.J. Lubinski, H. Lück, A.P. Lundgren, Yiqiu Ma, E.P. Macdonald, T.D. Macdonald, B. Machenschalk, M. Macinnis, D.M. Macleod, F. Magaña-Sandoval, R.M. Magee, M. Mageswaran, C. Maglione, K. Mailand, E. Majorana, I. Maksimovic, V. Malvezzi, N. 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Murphy, P.G. Murray, A. Mytidis, M.F. Nagy, I. Nardecchia, L. Naticchioni, R.K. Nayak, V. Necula, G.A. Nelemans, I. Neri, M. Neri, G.P. Newton, T.D. Nguyen, A.B. Nielsen, S.M. Nissanke, A.H. Nitz, F. Nocera, D. Nolting, M.E.N. Normandin, L.K. Nuttall, E. Ochsner, J. O'Dell, E. Oelker, J.J. Oh, S.H. Oh, F. Ohme, S. Omar, P. Oppermann, R.J. Oram, B.M. O'Reilly, W. Ortega, R. O'Shaughnessy, C. Osthelder, D.J. Ottaway, R.S. Ottens, H. Overmier, B.J. Owen, C. Padilla, A. Pai, O. Palashov, C. Palomba, H. Pan, Y. Pan, C. Pankow, F. Paoletti, M.A. Papa, H. Paris, A. Pasqualetti, R. Passaquieti, D. Passuello, M. Pedraza, A. Pele, S.D. Penn, A. Perreca, M.H. Phelps, M. Pichot, M. Pickenpack, F. Piergiovanni, V. Pierro, L. Pinard, I.M. Pinto, M. Pitkin, J. Poeld, R. Poggiani, A.K. Poteomkin, J.W. Powell, J. Prasad, V. Predoi, S. Premachandra, T. Prestegard, L.R. Price, M. Prijatelj, S. Privitera, G.A. Prodi, L.G. Prokhorov, O. Puncken, M. Punturo, P. Puppo, M. Pürrer, Jiayi Qin, V.M. 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Zucker, S. Zuraw, J.G. Zweizig

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    Abstract

    © 2014 American Physical Society. We report the results of a multimessenger search for coincident signals from the LIGO and Virgo gravitational-wave observatories and the partially completed IceCube high-energy neutrino detector, including periods of joint operation between 2007-2010. These include parts of the 2005-2007 run and the 2009-2010 run for LIGO-Virgo, and IceCube's observation periods with 22, 59 and 79 strings. We find no significant coincident events, and use the search results to derive upper limits on the rate of joint sources for a range of source emission parameters. For the optimistic assumption of gravitational-wave emission energy of 10-2M c2 at ∼150Hz with ∼60ms duration, and high-energy neutrino emission of 1051erg comparable to the isotropic gamma-ray energy of gamma-ray bursts, we limit the source rate below 1.6×10-2Mpc-3yr-1. We also examine how combining information from gravitational waves and neutrinos will aid discovery in the advanced gravitational-wave detector era.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number102002
    Pages (from-to)102002-1-22
    Number of pages22
    JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
    Volume90
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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