Multi-seasonal pattern in 5-year record of stable H, O and S isotope compositions of precipitation (Wrocław, SW Poland)

Maciej Górka, Grzegorz Skrzypek, Stanisław Hałas, Mariusz Orion Jędrysek, Dariusz Strąpoć

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)
31 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Sulphur dioxide is still a major industrial pollutant in the atmosphere. However, its origin is not always easily traceable, particularly at regional scale where numerous sulphur sources coexist. Geochemical tracers, such as the stable sulphur (δ34S) and oxygen (δ18O) isotopic compositions of sulphates in precipitation, have been successfully applied for estimation of the S-contribution from multiple sources to the atmosphere. However, the majority of previous studies conducted over relatively short time spans have revealed a short-term seasonal trends only and were unable to capture multi seasonal systematics. Here, we present results from a five-year monitoring program conducted in Wrocław (SW Poland). We have determined the Local Meteoric Water Line of δ2H= (6.91 ± 0.25) × δ18O + (2.39 ± 2.43) and sulphates stable sulphur (δ34S(SO4) 0.3–5.4‰) and oxygen (δ18O(SO4) 4.7–19.1‰) isotope composition in precipitation. The stable sulphur isotope results confirm that sulphates in precipitation primarily originate from high temperature (minimum mean over sampling period 680 °C) combustion of fuels with δ34S signatures ≤4.4‰. The stable oxygen isotope composition of sulphates and precipitation water indicates that the primary sulphate (generated directly by industrial processes) contribution was <49% during the whole study period, with a mean of ∼20% during the non-heating and ∼40% during the heating periods. The δ34S(SO4) value for precipitation displays multi-seasonal oscillations with an amplitude of about 2‰, which has not been previously reported. The mechanism driving the oscillation needs further investigation in order to reveal possible associations between this phenomenon and climatic patterns or changes in fossil fuel use. This new evidence from 5-year-long records needs to be taken into consideration when analysing trends from shorter-term observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-210
Number of pages14
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume158
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

Fingerprint

isotope
sulfate
sulfur
stable isotope
oscillation
oxygen
atmosphere
sulfur isotope
meteoric water
sulfur dioxide
fossil fuel
oxygen isotope
shoreline
isotopic composition
combustion
tracer
heating
pollutant
sampling
monitoring

Cite this

Górka, Maciej ; Skrzypek, Grzegorz ; Hałas, Stanisław ; Jędrysek, Mariusz Orion ; Strąpoć, Dariusz. / Multi-seasonal pattern in 5-year record of stable H, O and S isotope compositions of precipitation (Wrocław, SW Poland). In: Atmospheric Environment. 2017 ; Vol. 158. pp. 197-210.
@article{f5ad38336414497e8bfcbfd13a021466,
title = "Multi-seasonal pattern in 5-year record of stable H, O and S isotope compositions of precipitation (Wrocław, SW Poland)",
abstract = "Sulphur dioxide is still a major industrial pollutant in the atmosphere. However, its origin is not always easily traceable, particularly at regional scale where numerous sulphur sources coexist. Geochemical tracers, such as the stable sulphur (δ34S) and oxygen (δ18O) isotopic compositions of sulphates in precipitation, have been successfully applied for estimation of the S-contribution from multiple sources to the atmosphere. However, the majority of previous studies conducted over relatively short time spans have revealed a short-term seasonal trends only and were unable to capture multi seasonal systematics. Here, we present results from a five-year monitoring program conducted in Wrocław (SW Poland). We have determined the Local Meteoric Water Line of δ2H= (6.91 ± 0.25) × δ18O + (2.39 ± 2.43) and sulphates stable sulphur (δ34S(SO4) 0.3–5.4‰) and oxygen (δ18O(SO4) 4.7–19.1‰) isotope composition in precipitation. The stable sulphur isotope results confirm that sulphates in precipitation primarily originate from high temperature (minimum mean over sampling period 680 °C) combustion of fuels with δ34S signatures ≤4.4‰. The stable oxygen isotope composition of sulphates and precipitation water indicates that the primary sulphate (generated directly by industrial processes) contribution was <49{\%} during the whole study period, with a mean of ∼20{\%} during the non-heating and ∼40{\%} during the heating periods. The δ34S(SO4) value for precipitation displays multi-seasonal oscillations with an amplitude of about 2‰, which has not been previously reported. The mechanism driving the oscillation needs further investigation in order to reveal possible associations between this phenomenon and climatic patterns or changes in fossil fuel use. This new evidence from 5-year-long records needs to be taken into consideration when analysing trends from shorter-term observations.",
keywords = "Isotope, Oxygen, Pollutants, Precipitation, Sulphates, Wrocław",
author = "Maciej G{\'o}rka and Grzegorz Skrzypek and Stanisław Hałas and Jędrysek, {Mariusz Orion} and Dariusz Strąpoć",
year = "2017",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.03.033",
language = "English",
volume = "158",
pages = "197--210",
journal = "Atmospheric Environment",
issn = "1352-2310",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Multi-seasonal pattern in 5-year record of stable H, O and S isotope compositions of precipitation (Wrocław, SW Poland). / Górka, Maciej; Skrzypek, Grzegorz; Hałas, Stanisław; Jędrysek, Mariusz Orion; Strąpoć, Dariusz.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 158, 01.06.2017, p. 197-210.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multi-seasonal pattern in 5-year record of stable H, O and S isotope compositions of precipitation (Wrocław, SW Poland)

AU - Górka, Maciej

AU - Skrzypek, Grzegorz

AU - Hałas, Stanisław

AU - Jędrysek, Mariusz Orion

AU - Strąpoć, Dariusz

PY - 2017/6/1

Y1 - 2017/6/1

N2 - Sulphur dioxide is still a major industrial pollutant in the atmosphere. However, its origin is not always easily traceable, particularly at regional scale where numerous sulphur sources coexist. Geochemical tracers, such as the stable sulphur (δ34S) and oxygen (δ18O) isotopic compositions of sulphates in precipitation, have been successfully applied for estimation of the S-contribution from multiple sources to the atmosphere. However, the majority of previous studies conducted over relatively short time spans have revealed a short-term seasonal trends only and were unable to capture multi seasonal systematics. Here, we present results from a five-year monitoring program conducted in Wrocław (SW Poland). We have determined the Local Meteoric Water Line of δ2H= (6.91 ± 0.25) × δ18O + (2.39 ± 2.43) and sulphates stable sulphur (δ34S(SO4) 0.3–5.4‰) and oxygen (δ18O(SO4) 4.7–19.1‰) isotope composition in precipitation. The stable sulphur isotope results confirm that sulphates in precipitation primarily originate from high temperature (minimum mean over sampling period 680 °C) combustion of fuels with δ34S signatures ≤4.4‰. The stable oxygen isotope composition of sulphates and precipitation water indicates that the primary sulphate (generated directly by industrial processes) contribution was <49% during the whole study period, with a mean of ∼20% during the non-heating and ∼40% during the heating periods. The δ34S(SO4) value for precipitation displays multi-seasonal oscillations with an amplitude of about 2‰, which has not been previously reported. The mechanism driving the oscillation needs further investigation in order to reveal possible associations between this phenomenon and climatic patterns or changes in fossil fuel use. This new evidence from 5-year-long records needs to be taken into consideration when analysing trends from shorter-term observations.

AB - Sulphur dioxide is still a major industrial pollutant in the atmosphere. However, its origin is not always easily traceable, particularly at regional scale where numerous sulphur sources coexist. Geochemical tracers, such as the stable sulphur (δ34S) and oxygen (δ18O) isotopic compositions of sulphates in precipitation, have been successfully applied for estimation of the S-contribution from multiple sources to the atmosphere. However, the majority of previous studies conducted over relatively short time spans have revealed a short-term seasonal trends only and were unable to capture multi seasonal systematics. Here, we present results from a five-year monitoring program conducted in Wrocław (SW Poland). We have determined the Local Meteoric Water Line of δ2H= (6.91 ± 0.25) × δ18O + (2.39 ± 2.43) and sulphates stable sulphur (δ34S(SO4) 0.3–5.4‰) and oxygen (δ18O(SO4) 4.7–19.1‰) isotope composition in precipitation. The stable sulphur isotope results confirm that sulphates in precipitation primarily originate from high temperature (minimum mean over sampling period 680 °C) combustion of fuels with δ34S signatures ≤4.4‰. The stable oxygen isotope composition of sulphates and precipitation water indicates that the primary sulphate (generated directly by industrial processes) contribution was <49% during the whole study period, with a mean of ∼20% during the non-heating and ∼40% during the heating periods. The δ34S(SO4) value for precipitation displays multi-seasonal oscillations with an amplitude of about 2‰, which has not been previously reported. The mechanism driving the oscillation needs further investigation in order to reveal possible associations between this phenomenon and climatic patterns or changes in fossil fuel use. This new evidence from 5-year-long records needs to be taken into consideration when analysing trends from shorter-term observations.

KW - Isotope

KW - Oxygen

KW - Pollutants

KW - Precipitation

KW - Sulphates

KW - Wrocław

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85016397513&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.03.033

DO - 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.03.033

M3 - Article

VL - 158

SP - 197

EP - 210

JO - Atmospheric Environment

JF - Atmospheric Environment

SN - 1352-2310

ER -