Multi-center, pragmatic, cluster-randomized, controlled trial of standardized peritoneal dialysis (PD) training versus usual care on PD-related infections (the TEACH-PD trial): trial protocol

Josephine S.F. Chow, Neil Boudville, Yeoungjee Cho, Suetonia Palmer, Elaine M. Pascoe, Carmel M. Hawley, Donna M. Reidlinger, Laura E. Hickey, Ruth Stastny, Andrea Valks, Liza Vergara, Ramya Movva, Charani Kiriwandeniya, Hayley Candler, Gabor Mihala, Bernadette Buisman, Keri Lu Equinox, Ana E. Figueiredo, Trudi Fuge, Kirsten HowardMartin Howell, Allison Jaure, Matthew D. Jose, Anna Lee, Susana S. Miguel, Jo anne Moodie, Thu T. Nguyen, Geraldine Pinlac, Annie Reynolds, Walaa W.M. Saweirs, Genevieve Z. Steiner-Lim, Bronwen TeWhare, Melinda Tomlins, Megan Upjohn, David Voss, Rachael C. Walker, Joanne Wilson, David W. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related infections, such as peritonitis, exit site, and tunnel infections, substantially impair the sustainability of PD. Accordingly, PD-related infection is the top-priority research outcome for patients and caregivers. While PD nurse trainers teach patients to perform their own PD, PD training curricula are not standardized or informed by an evidentiary base and may offer a potential approach to prevent PD infections. The Targeted Education ApproaCH to improve Peritoneal Dialysis outcomes (TEACH-PD) trial evaluates whether a standardized training curriculum for PD nurse trainers and incident PD patients based on the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis (ISPD) guidelines reduces PD-related infections compared to usual training practices. Methods: The TEACH-PD trial is a registry-based, pragmatic, open-label, multi-center, binational, cluster-randomized controlled trial. TEACH-PD will recruit adults aged 18 years or older who have not previously undergone PD training at 42 PD treatment units (clusters) in Australia and New Zealand (ANZ) between July 2019 and June 2023. Clusters will be randomized 1:1 to standardized TEACH-PD training curriculum or usual training practice. The primary trial outcome is the time to the first occurrence of any PD-related infection (exit site infection, tunnel infection, or peritonitis). The secondary trial outcomes are the individual components of the primary outcome, infection-associated catheter removal, transfer to hemodialysis (greater than 30 days and 180 days), quality of life, hospitalization, all-cause death, a composite of transfer to hemodialysis or all-cause death, and cost-effectiveness. Participants are followed for a minimum of 12 months with a targeted average follow-up period of 2 years. Participant and outcome data are collected from the ANZ Dialysis and Transplant Registry (ANZDATA) and the New Zealand Peritoneal Dialysis (NZPD) Registry. This protocol follows the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) guidelines. Discussion: TEACH-PD is a registry-based, cluster-randomized pragmatic trial that aims to provide high-certainty evidence about whether an ISPD guideline-informed standardized PD training curriculum for PD nurse trainers and adult patients prevents PD-related infections. Trial registration: NCT03816111. Registered on 24 January 2019.

Original languageEnglish
Article number730
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

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