Moving average filtering with deconvolution (MAD) for hidden Markov model with filtering and correlated noise

Ibrahim M. Almanjahie, Ramzan Nazim Khan, Robin K. Milne, Takeshi Nomura, Boris Martinac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Ion channel data recorded using the patch clamp technique are low-pass filtered to remove high-frequency noise. Almanjahie et al. (Eur Biophys J 44:545-556, 2015) based statistical analysis of such data on a hidden Markov model (HMM) with a moving average adjustment for the filter but without correlated noise, and used the EM algorithm for parameter estimation. In this paper, we extend their model to include correlated noise, using signal processing methods and deconvolution to pre-whiten the noise. The resulting data can be modelled as a standard HMM and parameter estimates are again obtained using the EM algorithm. We evaluate this approach using simulated data and also apply it to real data obtained from the mechanosensitive channel of large conductance (MscL) in Escherichia coli. Estimates of mean conductances are comparable to literature values. The key advantages of this method are that it is much simpler and computationally considerably more efficient than currently used HMM methods that include filtering and correlated noise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-393
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Biophysics Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

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