Morphology and Computational Fluid Dynamics Support a Novel Classification of Common Iliac Aneurysms

Louis P. Parker, Janet T. Powell, Lachlan J. Kelsey, Maarit Venermo, Igor Koncar, Paul E. Norman, Barry J. Doyle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Isolated common iliac artery aneurysms (CIAAs) are uncommon, and evidence concerning their development, progression, and management is weak. The objective was to describe the morphology and haemodynamics of isolated CIAAs in a retrospective study. Methods: Initially, a series of 25 isolated CIAAs (15 intact, 10 ruptured) in 23 patients were gathered from multiple centres, reconstructed from computed tomography, and then morphologically classified and analysed with computational fluid dynamics. The morphological classification was applied in a separate, consecutive cohort of 162 patients assessed for elective aorto-iliac intervention, in which 55 patients had intact CIAAs. Results: In the isolated CIAA cohort, three distinct morphologies were identified: complex (involving a bifurcation); fusiform; and kinked (distal to a sharp bend in the CIA), with mean diameters of 90.3, 48.3, and 31.7 mm, and mean time averaged wall shear stresses of 0.16, 0.31, and 0.71 Pa, respectively (both analysis of variance p values < .001). Kinked cases vs. fusiform cases had less thrombus and favourable haemodynamics similar to the non-aneurysmal contralateral common iliac artery (CIA). Ruptured isolated CIAAs were large (mean diameter 87.5 mm, range 55.5–138.0 mm) and predominantly complex. The mean CIA length for aneurysmal arteries was greatest in kinked cases followed by complex and fusiform (100.8 mm, 91.1 mm, and 80.6 mm, respectively). The morphological classification was readily applicable to a separate elective patient cohort. Conclusion: A new morphological categorisation of CIAAs is proposed. Potentially this is associated with both haemodynamics and clinical course. Further research is required to determine whether the kinked CIAA is protected haemodynamically from aneurysm progression and to establish the wider applicability of the categorisation presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)786-793
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

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