More Inaccurate But Not More Biased: Anxiety During Encoding Impairs Face Recognition Accuracy But Does Not Moderate the Own-Ethnicity Bias

G.J. Curtis, Andrew Russ, C. Ackland

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Summary: Heightened state anxiety can have a deleterious impact on memory for faces. In this paper we investigated whether anxiety: (i) moderates the own-ethnicity bias (OEB) and (ii) impairs face recognition accuracy at the encoding or retrieval phase of an OEB face-recognition task. Using a typical OEB task, anxiety was induced during encoding and retrieval in Experiment 1, but only during retrieval in Experiment 2. An OEB was found in both experiments, but anxiety did not moderate the OEB in either experiment. In Experiment 1, anxious participants were poorer at face recognition for both own- and other-ethnicity faces. In Experiment 2 anxiety did not impair face recognition. Together, these studies suggest that anxiety impaired participants' encoding, but not retrieval, of faces. The implications of these findings are discussed. Copyright
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)621-627
    JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
    Volume29
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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    Anxiety
    Nuclear Family
    Facial Recognition
    Ethnic Groups
    Experiment
    Face Recognition
    Encoding

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    @article{82268ecce6e74e9c8c4dffa67ab2b1af,
    title = "More Inaccurate But Not More Biased: Anxiety During Encoding Impairs Face Recognition Accuracy But Does Not Moderate the Own-Ethnicity Bias",
    abstract = "{\circledC} 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Summary: Heightened state anxiety can have a deleterious impact on memory for faces. In this paper we investigated whether anxiety: (i) moderates the own-ethnicity bias (OEB) and (ii) impairs face recognition accuracy at the encoding or retrieval phase of an OEB face-recognition task. Using a typical OEB task, anxiety was induced during encoding and retrieval in Experiment 1, but only during retrieval in Experiment 2. An OEB was found in both experiments, but anxiety did not moderate the OEB in either experiment. In Experiment 1, anxious participants were poorer at face recognition for both own- and other-ethnicity faces. In Experiment 2 anxiety did not impair face recognition. Together, these studies suggest that anxiety impaired participants' encoding, but not retrieval, of faces. The implications of these findings are discussed. Copyright",
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    More Inaccurate But Not More Biased: Anxiety During Encoding Impairs Face Recognition Accuracy But Does Not Moderate the Own-Ethnicity Bias. / Curtis, G.J.; Russ, Andrew; Ackland, C.

    In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 29, No. 4, 2015, p. 621-627.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Summary: Heightened state anxiety can have a deleterious impact on memory for faces. In this paper we investigated whether anxiety: (i) moderates the own-ethnicity bias (OEB) and (ii) impairs face recognition accuracy at the encoding or retrieval phase of an OEB face-recognition task. Using a typical OEB task, anxiety was induced during encoding and retrieval in Experiment 1, but only during retrieval in Experiment 2. An OEB was found in both experiments, but anxiety did not moderate the OEB in either experiment. In Experiment 1, anxious participants were poorer at face recognition for both own- and other-ethnicity faces. In Experiment 2 anxiety did not impair face recognition. Together, these studies suggest that anxiety impaired participants' encoding, but not retrieval, of faces. The implications of these findings are discussed. Copyright

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