Moral Reasoning in Secondary Education Curriculum: An Operational Definition

Lyndon Lim, Elaine Chapman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The increasing focus to go beyond assessing cognitive constructs around the globe and in Singapore (Ng in https:// www. gov. sg/ micro sites/ budge t2017/ press- room/ news/ conte nt/ speech- by- minis ter- ng- chee- meng- for- moe- schoo ls- at- the- commi ttee-of- supply- debate, 2017) such as cultural awareness, grit and moral reasoning and the call for schools to prepare students for citizenship the development of corresponding instruments applicable in a larger scale. Given the significance of moral reasoning and its assessment are key elements within the current Singapore Character and Citi-zenship Education (CCE) curriculum (Singapore Ministry of Education in https:// www. moe. gov. sg/ docs/ defau lt- source/ docum ent/ educa tion/ sylla buses/ chara cter- citizenship- educa tion/ files/ 2014- chara cter- and- citiz enship- educa tion- (secon dary)- syllabus. pdf, 2012), there is room to explore how moral reasoning can be assessed prac-tically in a large-scale setting. Undergirding this exploration requires a review of the epistemology of moral reasoning, corresponding theoretical frameworks, and how they might apply to moral education in Singapore schools. By reviewing per-spectives of moral reasoning from relevant literature beyond educational research to business, medical and philosophical domains, this paper aims to propose an opera-tional definition of moral reasoning suitable for use in Singapore schools, and to mitigate possible issues brought about by educators’ disparate or assumed under-standing of moral reasoning. This can consequently support the enactment of the CCE curriculum and be applied to the development of assessment instruments suit-able for use within Singapore schools and similar contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Ethics Education
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Aug 2021


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