The preterm infant has functionally immature monocytes. The effects of common clinical interventions and exposures that might modulate inflammation were evaluated using monocytes isolated from blood of preterm lambs [130 d gestational age (GA)], near-term lambs (141 d GA), and adult sheep. Endotoxin stimulated hydrogen peroxide production by adult monocytes, but monocytes from 130-d and 141-d GA lambs had a reduced and delayed hydrogen peroxide production. Endotoxin did not decrease apoptosis of monocytes from 130-d and 141-d GA lambs but decreased apoptosis of adult monocytes. Dexamethasone increased the phagocytosis of bacteria and apoptotic cells by adult monocytes by 35% but not by monocytes from 130-d and 141-d GA lambs. Synthetic and natural surfactants and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine increased phagocytosis of apoptotic cells by monocytes from preterm, term, and adult sheep. Monocytes from preterm and term lambs differ from adult monocytes in tests of both the initiation and the resolution of inflammation. The reduced phagocytosis of apoptotic cells by monocytes from the preterm may contribute to prolonged inflammation in diseases such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
|Publication status||Published - 2003|