Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) are potent chemoknes which attract circulating monocytes and neutrophils respectively to inflamed tissues. JE/MCP-1 gene expression has been previously studied in rabbit aortae after endothelial denudation and the rapid appearance of this transcript was thought to precede emigration of phagocytes. We now report MCP-1 gene expression following de-endothelialization of iliac arteries in the pig, a species which can develop spontaneous atherosclerosis. Using Northern blot analysis, we demonstrated that MCP-1 mRNA was rapidly induced in pig arteries at 2 h and continued to increase to reach a maximum at 8 h before returning to low levels at 16-24 h after injury. The increase seen for MCP-1 mRNA at 8 h was also observed for IL-8 mRNA but was not apparent for growth-related gene expressions, urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAl-1). Since smooth muscle cells, endothelial cells, and phagocytes are all capable of expressing MCP-1, we examined pig arteries for immunostaining using a monoclonal antibody to human MCP-1 (5D3-F7). At 8 h after injury, the predominant cell type staining positive for MCP-1 was the monocyte/macrophage. Staining was also observed in occasional scattered neutrophils, but MCP-1 protein could not be detected in smooth muscle cells or on extracellular matrix within the sensitivity constraints posed by our methodology. Our results are consistent with invading monocyte/macrophages having a major input into the production of this chemokine in the arterial wall following injury. The fact that MCP-1 expression accompanied monocyte/macrophage presence in damaged artery, rather than preceding it, is suggestive that continued MCP-1 expression is required for functions other than chemoattraction. (C) 1996 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Journal||Journal of Cellular Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|