Molecular mechanisms and regulation of recombination frequency and distribution in plants

Meilin Zou, Sergey Shabala, Chenchen Zhao, Meixue Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Key message: Recent developments in understanding the distribution and distinctive features of recombination hotspots are reviewed and approaches are proposed to increase recombination frequency in coldspot regions. Abstract: Recombination events during meiosis provide the foundation and premise for creating new varieties of crops. The frequency of recombination in different genomic regions differs across eukaryote species, with recombination generally occurring more frequently at the ends of chromosomes. In most crop species, recombination is rare in centromeric regions. If a desired gene variant is linked in repulsion with an undesired variant of a second gene in a region with a low recombination rate, obtaining a recombinant plant combining two favorable alleles will be challenging. Traditional crop breeding involves combining desirable genes from parental plants into offspring. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms of recombination and factors affecting the occurrence of meiotic recombination is important for crop breeding. Here, we review chromosome recombination types, recombination mechanisms, genes and proteins involved in the meiotic recombination process, recombination hotspots and their regulation systems and discuss how to increase recombination frequency in recombination coldspot regions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number86
Number of pages17
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Issue number4
Early online date21 Mar 2024
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


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