Molecular mechanism of the effect of benzene ring structure in nonionic surfactants on the wettability of anthracite

Jiajun Li, Guochao Yan, Li Zhou, Xuyang Bai, Xuanlai Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reducing coal dust is critical for environmental protection and energy efficiency, however anthracite has a high degree of coalification, high hydrophobicity, resulting in a poor dust removal effect. The addition of surfactants to water can improve the wetting of coal dust, resulting in a more effective dust reduction effect. In this investigation, Polyethylene glycol octyl phenyl ether (Triton X-100) and The lauryl polyoxyethylene ethers (C12(EO)9) were chosen as research subjects. Contact angle experience, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy experience (FTIR), and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy experience (XPS) were used to compare the ability of two surfactants to improve the wettability of anthracite from a macro perspective. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation was used to explain macroscopic experimental phenomena from a microscopic perspective. Due to the presence of the benzene ring structure in the hydrophobic group, the surface of anthracite following Triton X-100 adsorption is more hydrophilic. The network structure of Triton X-100 molecules on the surface of anthracite is loose owing to the presence of the benzene ring, which facilitates water molecule penetration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number130634
Number of pages10
JournalCOLLOIDS AND SURFACES A-PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING ASPECTS
Volume657
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2023

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