Modelling farmer choices for water security measures in the Litani river basin in Lebanon

F. Alcon, S. Tapsuwan, R. Brouwer, M. Yunes, O. Mounzer, M. D. de-Miguel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lebanon is facing an increasing water supply deficit due to the increasing demand for freshwater, decreasing surface and groundwater resources and malfunctioning water governance structures. Technological and policy changes are needed to alleviate the impact of water scarcity and secure water in the future. This paper investigates farmers' preferences and willingness to pay (WTP) in a choice experiment for a series of water saving measures at plot and irrigation district level, including more timely information of water delivery. These measures are expected to strengthen water security and use water more efficiently. Farmers are willing to pay higher water prices of $0.32/m(3) and $0.22/m(3) to support the implementation of water saving measures at plot level and the installation of water metering devices across the irrigation district, respectively. They are not willing to pay extra for obtaining information related to their water delivery earlier in time if this means that they will also have to pay earlier in the year for the water. Farmers with higher income and education levels who decide on their cropping pattern based on expected rainfall data are more interested in taking action than farmers whose cropping decisions are primarily based on last year's sales prices. The study shows that when aiming to design more effective sustainable water management strategies, accounting for farmers' needs and preferences, their age also has to be considered: younger farmers (40 years). (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-46
Number of pages10
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume647
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2019

Cite this

Alcon, F. ; Tapsuwan, S. ; Brouwer, R. ; Yunes, M. ; Mounzer, O. ; de-Miguel, M. D. / Modelling farmer choices for water security measures in the Litani river basin in Lebanon. In: Science of the Total Environment. 2019 ; Vol. 647. pp. 37-46.
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Modelling farmer choices for water security measures in the Litani river basin in Lebanon. / Alcon, F.; Tapsuwan, S.; Brouwer, R.; Yunes, M.; Mounzer, O.; de-Miguel, M. D.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 647, 10.01.2019, p. 37-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Modelling farmer choices for water security measures in the Litani river basin in Lebanon

AU - Alcon, F.

AU - Tapsuwan, S.

AU - Brouwer, R.

AU - Yunes, M.

AU - Mounzer, O.

AU - de-Miguel, M. D.

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N2 - Lebanon is facing an increasing water supply deficit due to the increasing demand for freshwater, decreasing surface and groundwater resources and malfunctioning water governance structures. Technological and policy changes are needed to alleviate the impact of water scarcity and secure water in the future. This paper investigates farmers' preferences and willingness to pay (WTP) in a choice experiment for a series of water saving measures at plot and irrigation district level, including more timely information of water delivery. These measures are expected to strengthen water security and use water more efficiently. Farmers are willing to pay higher water prices of $0.32/m(3) and $0.22/m(3) to support the implementation of water saving measures at plot level and the installation of water metering devices across the irrigation district, respectively. They are not willing to pay extra for obtaining information related to their water delivery earlier in time if this means that they will also have to pay earlier in the year for the water. Farmers with higher income and education levels who decide on their cropping pattern based on expected rainfall data are more interested in taking action than farmers whose cropping decisions are primarily based on last year's sales prices. The study shows that when aiming to design more effective sustainable water management strategies, accounting for farmers' needs and preferences, their age also has to be considered: younger farmers (40 years). (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Lebanon is facing an increasing water supply deficit due to the increasing demand for freshwater, decreasing surface and groundwater resources and malfunctioning water governance structures. Technological and policy changes are needed to alleviate the impact of water scarcity and secure water in the future. This paper investigates farmers' preferences and willingness to pay (WTP) in a choice experiment for a series of water saving measures at plot and irrigation district level, including more timely information of water delivery. These measures are expected to strengthen water security and use water more efficiently. Farmers are willing to pay higher water prices of $0.32/m(3) and $0.22/m(3) to support the implementation of water saving measures at plot level and the installation of water metering devices across the irrigation district, respectively. They are not willing to pay extra for obtaining information related to their water delivery earlier in time if this means that they will also have to pay earlier in the year for the water. Farmers with higher income and education levels who decide on their cropping pattern based on expected rainfall data are more interested in taking action than farmers whose cropping decisions are primarily based on last year's sales prices. The study shows that when aiming to design more effective sustainable water management strategies, accounting for farmers' needs and preferences, their age also has to be considered: younger farmers (40 years). (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - Choice experiment

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KW - Water pricing

KW - Willingness to pay

KW - IRRIGATION WATER

KW - SOUTHEASTERN SPAIN

KW - MANAGEMENT

KW - ADOPTION

KW - POLICIES

KW - TECHNOLOGY

KW - ALLOCATION

KW - EFFICIENCY

KW - RESOURCES

KW - AFRICA

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DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.410

M3 - Article

VL - 647

SP - 37

EP - 46

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

ER -