Model for growth hormone receptor activation based on subunit rotation within a receptor dimer

Richard J Brown, Julian J Adams, Rebecca A Pelekanos, Yu Wan, William J McKinstry, Kathryn Palethorpe, Ruth Seeber, Thea A Monks, Karin Eidne, Michael W Parker, Michael J Waters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

323 Citations (Scopus)


Growth hormone is believed to activate the growth hormone receptor (GHR) by dimerizing two identical receptor subunits, leading to activation of JAK2 kinase associated with the cytoplasmic domain. However, we have reported previously that dimerization alone is insufficient to activate full-length GHR. By comparing the crystal structure of the liganded and unliganded human GHR extracellular domain, we show here that there is no substantial change in its conformation on ligand binding. However, the receptor can be activated by rotation without ligand by inserting a defined number of alanine residues within the transmembrane domain. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer ( FRET), bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) and coimmunoprecipitation studies suggest that receptor subunits undergo specific transmembrane interactions independent of hormone binding. We propose an activation mechanism involving a relative rotation of subunits within a dimeric receptor as a result of asymmetric placement of the receptor-binding sites on the ligand.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)814-821
JournalNature Structural and Molecular Biology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2005


Dive into the research topics of 'Model for growth hormone receptor activation based on subunit rotation within a receptor dimer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this