Mitigating uncertainties in mineral exploration targeting: Majority voting and confidence index approaches in the context of an exploration information system (EIS)

Mahyar Yousefi, Mark D. Lindsay, Oliver Kreuzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Various mineral prospectivity modelling (MPM) approaches are available for targeting mineral deposits, each method capable of predicting areas of high prospectivity. Given the diversity of MPM approaches, the modelled areas of high prospectivity can differ across different MPMs. However, rather than a negative, different MPM outputs can benefit mineral exploration targeting because each method has its advantages. Rather, the problem lies in the lack of consensus over how to best select and delimit mineral exploration targets from different MPM results. Here we aim to address the challenges outlined above whilst quantifying and mitigating the effects of inherent uncertainties. We first generate eleven different prospectivity models utilising deep learning, machine learning, fuzzy logic, and geometric average integration methods. Then, we adopt a majority voting ensemble technique to incorporate and combine the predictions of each prospectivity model. Next, we propose a confidence index designed to mitigate uncertainty associated with our multi-technique approach to MPM. The confidence index quantifies variation in prospectivity values for each cell of the MPM target area. The conjunction of a confidence index and majority voting model facilitates consistent and robust algorithm-driven extraction of exploration targets based on an ensemble of prospectivity models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105930
Number of pages16
JournalOre Geology Reviews
Volume165
Early online date3 Feb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

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