MiR-214 is an important regulator of the musculoskeletal metabolism and disease

Youqiang Sun, Vincent Kuek, Yuhao Liu, Jennifer Tickner, Yu Yuan, Leilei Chen, Zhikui Zeng, Min Shao, Wei He, Jiake Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

MiR-214 belongs to a family of microRNA (small, highly conserved noncoding RNA molecules) precursors that play a pivotal role in biological functions, such as cellular function, tissue development, tissue homeostasis, and pathogenesis of diseases. Recently, miR-214 emerged as a critical regulator of musculoskeletal metabolism. Specifically, miR-214 can mediate skeletal muscle myogenesis and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation. MiR-214 also modulates osteoblast function by targeting specific molecular pathways and the expression of various osteoblast-related genes; promotes osteoclast activity by targeting phosphatase and tensin homolog (Pten); and mediates osteoclast-osteoblast intercellular crosstalk via an exosomal miRNA paracrine mechanism. Importantly, dysregulation in miR-214 expression is associated with pathological bone conditions such as osteoporosis, osteosarcoma, multiple myeloma, and osteolytic bone metastasis of breast cancer. This review discusses the cellular targets of miR-214 in bone, the molecular mechanisms governing the activities of miR-214 in the musculoskeletal system, and the putative role of miR-214 in skeletal diseases. Understanding the biology of miR-214 could potentially lead to the development of miR-214 as a possible biomarker and a therapeutic target for musculoskeletal diseases.

Highlights

MiR-214 is an important regulator of the musculoskeletal system and is involved in muscle development, bone homeostasis and bone-related disorders.

MiR-214 is able to mediate skeletal muscle myogenesis and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, migration and differentiation.

MiR-214 modulates osteoblast function by targeting specific molecular pathways and the expression of various osteoblast-related genes.

MiR-214 promotes osteoclast activity by targeting specific genes and mediates osteoblast-osteoclast intercellular crosstalk via an exosomal miRNA paracrine mechanism.

Dysregulation in miR-214 expression has been associated with bone diseases such as osteoporosis, osteosarcoma and multiple myeloma.

Osteoclastic miR-214 is involved in regulating osteoclast-mediated osteolytic bone metastasis of breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-245
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume234
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

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