Mindfulness for personality disorders

Adelln A.H. Sng, Aleksandar Janca

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Purpose of review Third-wave cognitive-behaviour therapies such as dialectical behaviour therapy have demonstrated effectiveness in the treatment of personality disorders, which are considered difficult to treat. These therapies typically incorporate some component of mindfulness practice. The current study examines current applications and effectiveness of mindfulness to the treatment of personality disorders. Recent findings The majority of evidence available focuses on borderline personality disorder, and highlights positive associations between mindfulness practice and reduced psychiatric and clinical symptoms, less emotional reactivity, and less impulsivity. Fewer studies examine the other personality disorders, though emerging case studies have applied mindfulness techniques to treatment with antisocial, avoidant, paranoid, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders. Summary Mindfulness is a promising clinical tool for the treatment of personality disorders, and appears to be adaptable to the unique features of different types of personality disorders. However, further empirical research with greater methodological rigour is required to clarify the effectiveness of mindfulness as a specific skill component, and to identify the underlying mechanisms that contribute to therapeutic change.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)70-76
    Number of pages7
    JournalCurrent Opinion in Psychiatry
    Volume29
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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    Mindfulness
    Personality Disorders
    Compulsive Personality Disorder
    Borderline Personality Disorder
    Empirical Research
    Impulsive Behavior
    Behavior Therapy
    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    Cognitive Therapy
    Psychiatry
    Health
    Therapeutics

    Cite this

    Sng, Adelln A.H. ; Janca, Aleksandar. / Mindfulness for personality disorders. In: Current Opinion in Psychiatry. 2016 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 70-76.
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    Mindfulness for personality disorders. / Sng, Adelln A.H.; Janca, Aleksandar.

    In: Current Opinion in Psychiatry, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2016, p. 70-76.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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    T1 - Mindfulness for personality disorders

    AU - Sng, Adelln A.H.

    AU - Janca, Aleksandar

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    AB - Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Purpose of review Third-wave cognitive-behaviour therapies such as dialectical behaviour therapy have demonstrated effectiveness in the treatment of personality disorders, which are considered difficult to treat. These therapies typically incorporate some component of mindfulness practice. The current study examines current applications and effectiveness of mindfulness to the treatment of personality disorders. Recent findings The majority of evidence available focuses on borderline personality disorder, and highlights positive associations between mindfulness practice and reduced psychiatric and clinical symptoms, less emotional reactivity, and less impulsivity. Fewer studies examine the other personality disorders, though emerging case studies have applied mindfulness techniques to treatment with antisocial, avoidant, paranoid, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders. Summary Mindfulness is a promising clinical tool for the treatment of personality disorders, and appears to be adaptable to the unique features of different types of personality disorders. However, further empirical research with greater methodological rigour is required to clarify the effectiveness of mindfulness as a specific skill component, and to identify the underlying mechanisms that contribute to therapeutic change.

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