Middle Cranial Fossa Approach to Repair Tegmen Dehiscence Using Self-setting Calcium Phosphate Cement: A Retrospective Case Review

Vishal Mahesh Bulsara, Grace Soon Kim, Ayman Mohammed Fouad, Max Kishor Bulsara, Peter Luke Santa Maria

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To review the outcomes of repairing tegmen dehiscence using the middle cranial fossa approach with a self-setting bone cement. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Two academic tertiary hospitals. PATIENTS: All patients presenting for surgical repair of tegmen dehiscence and with postoperative follow-up for at least 6 months between October 2015 and July 2019. INTERVENTION: Surgical repair using a middle cranial fossa approach using a layered reconstruction with temporalis fascia and self-setting calcium phosphate bone cement. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Perioperative complications, recurrence of presenting symptoms/disease, hearing, and facial nerve grade. RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 22 patients with 23 tegmen dehiscence repairs (1 sequential bilateral repair). There were 16 males and 6 females with an average age at operation of 52.6 years. Repairs were left sided in 9, right sided in 12 patients, and bilateral in 1 patient. No patients had recurrence of presenting symptoms or disease at most recent follow-up. Preoperative hearing was maintained in all patients. Two patients (9% of repairs) experienced delayed partial temporary facial nerve weakness House-Brackman grade 2 and 4 which had recovered by 8 weeks postoperative. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate a technique for repairing tegmen dehiscence of the middle cranial fossa floor that has excellent postoperative outcomes. We highlight potential technical challenges in this approach as well as the need for counseling for potential partial transient facial nerve dysfunction.

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