Micropropagation of salt tolerant eucalypts and dieback resistant jarrah facilitated by nodal bud culture

David Willyams

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

    Abstract

    The production of 109,306 elite eucalyptus plants by micropropagation first required developing a culture initiation method utilising nodal buds. Seedlings surviving the high stress selection were transferred into coarse sand in 8-L pots and placed in a low light greenhouse. Slow release and foliar fertilisers were applied and fungicides sprayed fortnightly. After seedlings recovered and resprouted, sections of young shoots were removed. These were sterilised with 10% bleach (0.4% Cl-) for 15 min and rinsed 3'~ in sterile water. The nodes were excised and placed on agar solidified media (. MS major and minor mineral salts, supplemented with an additional 50 'ÊM sodium-ferric EDTA with a 100 'ÊM final concentration, 500 'ÊM myoinositol, 3 'ÊM thiamine HCl, 4 'ÊM nicotinic acid, 100 'ÊM zeatin, 10 'ÊM gibberellic acid, 90 mM sucrose, 0.25% agar and 0.25% PhytagelR, at pH 5.8) in 50-mL polycarbonate tubes. New axillary shoots were excised into 250-mL glass jars, with the same media. Thereafter shoot multiplication and rooting media were optimised for each species to facilitate mass plant production. Ventilating the culture vessels improved shoot quality. Plant production costs of salt-tolerant Eucalyptus camaldulensis clones were evaluated using a ratio based on in vitro rooting and in vivo acclimatization. Combining this with field performance data allowed nursery production to focus on low cost clones with high field growth. Micropropagated plants of jarrah (E. marginata) clones resistant to dieback (Phytophthora cinnamomi) were too expensive to use for planting programs. Instead plants were produced for seed orchard establishment. The seed collected from these orchards is used for seedling production.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationActa Horticulturae
    Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the International Symposium on Micropropagation and In Vitro Techniques
    EditorsM Lambardi, S Hamill
    PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
    Pages119-126
    Number of pages8
    Volume1113
    ISBN (Print)9789462611078
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    EventXXIX International Horticultural Congress: IHC2014: International Symposium on Micropropagation and In Vitro Techniques - Australia, Brisbane , Australia
    Duration: 17 Aug 201422 Aug 2014

    Conference

    ConferenceXXIX International Horticultural Congress: IHC2014
    CountryAustralia
    CityBrisbane
    Period17/08/1422/08/14

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