Microperimetry and Adaptive Optics Imaging Reveal Localized Functional and Structural Changes in Asymptomatic RPGR Mutation Carriers

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Female carriers of RPGR mutations demonstrate no significant retinal dysfunction or structural change despite a characteristic tapetal-like reflex. In this study, we examined localized changes of pointwise sensitivity (PWS) and cone density (CD) using microperimetry (MP) and adaptive optics (AO) imaging in female carriers of RPGR mutations.

METHODS: In this cross-sectional case-control study, MP (MAIA, 10-2 test grid) and AO imaging (rtx1) were performed in female carriers of RPGR mutations and unrelated age-matched healthy controls. PWS at 68 loci located 1 degree to 9 degrees away from the preferred retinal locus and CD at 12 loci located 1 degree to 3 degrees away from the foveal center were measured. Severity of defect was defined by standard deviation (SD) from age-matched healthy control means: normal (2 SD from normal average).

RESULTS: Twelve patients from seven unrelated families were enrolled. Seven patients were asymptomatic, 5 of whom had visual acuity 20/20 or better in both eyes. PWS and CD were available in 12 and 8 patients, respectively. Severe PWS and CD defect in at least 1 test location was observed in 10 of 12 patients and 7 of 8 patients, respectively. Among the five asymptomatic patients who had normal visual acuity, severe PWS and CD defects were observed in three of five and four of five patients, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: MP and AO imaging revealed early functional and structural changes in asymptomatic RPGR mutation carriers and should be considered in clinical assessment of these patients.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3
Pages (from-to)3
Number of pages12
JournalInvestigative ophthalmology & visual science
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

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