Micromechanisms of shear zone propagation at the brittle-viscous transition

Florian Fusseis, M.R. Handy

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    58 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Our investigation of progressively strained rock samples from the margins of greenschist-facies shear zones utilizes a space-for-time approach to reveal how the mylonitic overprint of metapsammitic and -pelitic host rocks at the Cap de Creus involved brittle fracturing. We present a set of microscale observations indicating that microfractures formed immediately prior to or coevally with a fine-grained mylonite. Microfracturing dominated early stages of strain localization on the scale of the shear zones. On the microscale, centimeter-long fractures facilitated strain softening by allowing enhanced fluid access, thereby accelerating the dynamic recrystallization of quartz and a metamorphic reaction of biotite. As these two processes produce a polyphase matrix of small, dislocation-poor grains that eventually form an interconnected, rheologically weak phase, fractures become inactive. This represents a strain-dependent brittle–viscous transition. We outline this transition in a conceptual model for the rheological evolution of mid-crustal shear zones.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1242-1253
    JournalJournal of Structural Geology
    Volume30
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

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