Microlaparoscopy is defined as using instruments with an outer sheath of less than 2 mm; as such, it represents the leading edge of fiberoptic and instrument design technology. Although still in its infancy, it has been proposed as the new standard instrument for abdominal entry and for the performance of some diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. It is already the instrument of choice for performing conscious laparoscopic procedures. The small size of the instrument makes it versatile, but it is important that they are used appropriately. In this way, microlaparoscopy offers significant advantages over conventional laparoscopy for surgeon and patient alike.