PURPOSE. To investigate the roles of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) using gene knock-out mice. METHODS. Mice (C57BL/6 x 129) either of normal phenotype or deficient in the genes encoding one or both tumor necrosis factor receptors (TNFR p55 and TNFR p75), IL-4, or iNOS were given footpad injections of 400 μg Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide. Animals were killed 24 hours later, and infiltrating cells were counted on 5-μm ocular cross-sections through the optic nerve. RESULTS. All abnormal mouse phenotypes were susceptible to EIU. Yet, TNFR p55 and IL-4 gene knock-out mice experienced less ocular inflammation than control animals (p = 0.021 and 0.007, respectively), whereas disease was not reduced for iNOS-deficient mice. Mice deficient in TNFR p55 and TNFR p75 experienced milder EIU than mice lacking TNFR p75 alone (P = 0.046). CONCLUSIONS. Mice deficient in TNFR p55 and TNFR p75, IL-4, or iNOS retain the susceptibility to EIU, but TNF-α and IL-4 influence the influx of inflammatory cells to the eye during this disease.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 1998|