Metribuzin resistance via enhanced metabolism in a multiple herbicide resistant Lolium rigidum population

Hongju Ma, Huan Lu, Heping Han, Qin Yu, Steve Powles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The photosystem II (PSII)‐inhibiting herbicides are important for Australian farmers to control Lolium rigidum Gaud. and other weed species in trazine tolerant (TT)‐canola fields. A L. rigidum population (R) collected from a TT‐canola field from Western Australia showed multiple resistance to PSII, acetyl‐coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase) and acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitors. The mechanisms of multiple resistance in this R population were determined.

The R population showed a low‐level (about 3.0‐fold) resistance to the PSII‐inhibiting herbicides metribuzin and atrazine. Sequencing of the psbA gene revealed no differences between the R and susceptible (S) sequences. Furthermore, [14C]‐metribuzin experiments found no significant difference in metribuzin foliar uptake and translocation between the R and S plants. However, [14C]‐metribuzin metabolism in R plants was 2.3‐fold greater than in S plants. The cytochrome P450 monooxygenase inhibitor piperonyl butoxide (PBO) enhanced plant mortality response to metribuzin and atrazine in both R and S populations. In addition, multiple resistance to ALS and ACCase inhibitors are due to known resistance mutations in ALS and ACCase genes.

The results demonstrate that enhanced metribuzin metabolism likely involving cytochrome P450 monooxygenase contributes to metribuzin resistance in Lolium rigidum. This is the first report of metabolic resistance to the PSII‐inhibiting herbicide metribuzin in Australian Lolium rigidum.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3785-3791
Number of pages7
JournalPest Management Science
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020


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