Metribuzin Resistance in a Wild Radish (Raphanus raphanistrum) Population via Both psbA Gene Mutation and Enhanced Metabolism

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Abstract

There have been many studies on target-site resistance (TSR) to PSII-inhibiting herbicides, but only a few on the non-target-site resistance (NTSR). Here, we reported both TSR and NTSR to metribuzin in a wild radish population. Dose−response studies revealed a higher level of resistance to metribuzin in the resistant (R) compared to the susceptible (S) population. Sequencing of the target psbA gene revealed the known Ser-264-Gly mutation in R plants. In addition, a higher level of [14C]-metribuzin metabolism and, consequently, a lower level of [14C] translocation were also detected in the R plants. These results demonstrated that both psbA gene mutation and enhanced metabolism contribute to metribuzin resistance in this wild radish population. Furthermore, this resistant population showed resistance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides due to multiple ALS gene mutations. This is the first report in wild radish of metabolic herbicide resistance, in addition to the target-site psbA gene mutation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1353-1359
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume67
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Feb 2019

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