Methods and results of a search for gravitational waves associated with gamma-ray bursts using the GEO 600, LIGO, and Virgo detectors

J. Aasi, B.P. Abbott, R.S. Abbott, T.D. Abbott, M.R. Abernathy, F. Acernese, K. Ackley, C.A. Adams, T.S. Adams, P. Addesso, R.X. Adhikari, C. Affeldt, M. Agathos, N. Aggarwal, O.D. Aguiar, P.M. Ajith, A. Alemic, B.W. Allen, A. Allocca, D. Amariutei & 870 others M.B. Andersen, R.A. Anderson, S.B. Anderson, W.G. Anderson, K. Arai, M.C. Araya, C. Arceneaux, J.S. Areeda, S. Ast, S.M. Aston, P. Astone, P. Aufmuth, H. Augustus, C. Aulbert, B.E. Aylott, S.V. Babak, P.T. Baker, G. Ballardin, S.W. Ballmer, J.C.B. Barayoga, M. Barbet, B.C. Barish, D. Barker, F.R. Barone, B.W. Barr, L. Barsotti, M. Barsuglia, M.A. Barton, I. Bartos, R. Bassiri, A. Basti, J.C. Batch, J. Bauchrowitz, T.S. Bauer, C. Baune, V. Bavigadda, B. Behnke, M. Bejger, M.G. Beker, C. Belczynski, A.S. Bell, C.J. Bell, G. Bergmann, D. Bersanetti, A. Bertolini, J.C. Betzwieser, I.A. Bilenko, G.L. Billingsley, J. Birch, S. Biscans, M. Bitossi, C.M. Biwer, M.A. Bizouard, E.D. Black, J.K. Blackburn, L. Blackburn, David Blair, S. Bloemen, O. Bock, T.P. Bodiya, M. Boer, G. Bogaert, C. Bogan, C. Bond, F. Bondu, L. Bonelli, R. Bonnand, R. Bork, M. Born, V. Boschi, S.B. Böse, L.B. Bosi, C. Bradaschia, P.R. Brady, V.B. Braginsky, M. Branchesi, J.E. Brau, T. Briant, D.O. Bridges, A. Brillet, M. Brinkmann, V. Brisson, A.F. Brooks, D.A. Brown, D.D.E. Brown, F. Brückner, S. Buchman, A. Buikema, T. Bulik, H.J. Bülten, A. Buonanno, Ron Burman, D. Buskulic, C. Buy, L. Cadonati, G. Cagnoli, J.D. Cain, J. Calderón Bustillo, E. Calloni, J.B. Camp, P. Campsie, K.C. Cannon, B. Canuel, J. Cao, C.D. Capano, F. Carbognani, L. Carbone, S. Caride, G. Castaldi, S.E. Caudill, M. Cavaglià, F. Cavalier, R. Cavalieri, C. Celerier, G.C. Cella, C. Cepeda, E. Cesarini, R. Chakraborty, T. Chalermsongsak, S.J. Chamberlin, S. Chao, P.R. Charlton, E. Chassande-Mottin, X. Chen, Y. Chen, A. Chincarini, A. Chiummo, H. Cho, M. Cho, J.H. Chow, N.L. Christensen, Qi Chu, S. Chua, S. Chung, G.S. Ciani, F.M. Clara, D.E. Clark, J.A. Clark, J.H. Clayton, F. Cleva, E. Coccia, P.F. Cohadon, A. Colla, C. Collette, M. Colombini, L.R. Cominsky, M. Constancio, A. Conte, D. Cook, T.R.C. Corbitt, N.J. Cornish, A. Corsi, C.A. Costa, M.W. Coughlin, J.P. Coulon, S. Countryman, P. Couvares, David Coward, M.J. Cowart, D.C. Coyne, R. Coyne, K.K. Craig, J.D.E. Creighton, R.P. Croce, S.G. Crowder, A.V. Cumming, L. Cunningham, E. Cuoco, C.J. Cutler, K. Dahl, T. Dal Canton, M. Damjanic, Stefan Danilishin, S. D'Antonio, K.V. Danzmann, V. Dattilo, H.P. Daveloza, M. Davier, G.S. Davies, E.J. Daw, R. Day, T. Dayanga, D.B. Debra, G. Debreczeni, J. Degallaix, S. Deléglise, W. Del Pozzo, T. Denker, T. Dent, H. Dereli, V.A. Dergachev, R.D. De Rosa, R.T. Derosa, R. Desalvo, S.V. Dhurandhar, M.A. Díaz, J. Dickson, L.D. Di Fiore, A.D. Di Lieto, I. Di Palma, A.D. Di Virgilio, V. Dolique, E. Domînguez, F. Donovan, K.L. Dooley, S. Doravari, R. Douglas, T.P. Downes, M. Drago, R.W.P. Drever, J.C. Driggers, Z. Du, M. Ducrot, S. Dwyer, T. Eberle, T.B. Edo, M.F. Edwards, A. Effler, H.B. Eggenstein, P. Ehrens, J. Eichholz, S.S. Eikenberry, G. Endröczi, R. Essick, T. Etzel, M. Evans, T. Evans, M. Factourovich, V. Fafone, S. Fairhurst, X. Fan, Qi Fang, S. Farinon, B.F. Farr, W.M. Farr, M. Favata, D. Fazi, H. Fehrmann, M.M. Fejer, D. Feldbaum, F. Feroz, I. Ferrante, E.C. Ferreira, F. Ferrini, F. Fidecaro, L.S. Finn, I. Fiori, R.P. Fisher, R.R. Flaminio, N.V. Fotopoulos, J.D. Fournier, S. Franco, S. Frasca, F. Frasconi, M. Frede, Z. Frei, A. Freise, R. Frey, T.T. Fricke, P.K. Fritschel, V.V. Frolov, P.J. Fulda, M. Fyffe, J.R. Gair, L. Gammaitoni, S. Gaonkar, F.S. Garufi, N.A. Gehrels, G. Gemme, B. Gendre, E. Genin, A. Gennai, S. Ghosh, J.A. Giaime, K.D. Giardina, A. Giazotto, C. Gill, J. Gleason, E. Goetz, R. Goetz, L. Gondán, G.I. González, N. Gordon, M.L. Gorodetsky, S. Gossan, S. Goßler, R. Gouaty, C.P. Gräf, P.B. Graff, M. Granata, A.I. Grant, S. Gras, C. Gray, R.J.S. Greenhalgh, A.M. Gretarsson, P.J. Groot, H. Grote, K.D. Grover, S. Grünewald, G.M. Guidi, C.J. Guido, K.E. Gushwa, E.K. Gustafson, R. Gustafson, J. Ha, E.D. Hall, W.O. Hamilton, D. Hammer, G.D. Hammond, M. Hanke, J.A. Hanks, C. Hanna, M.D. Hannam, J. Hanson, K.H. Haris, J. Harms, G.M. Harry, I.W. Harry, E.D. Harstad, M.V. Hart, M. Hartman, C.J. Haster, K. Haughian, A. Heidmann, M.C. Heintze, H. Heitmann, P. Hello, G. Hemming, M.A. Hendry, I. Heng, A.W. Heptonstall, M. Heurs, M.R. Hewitson, S. Hild, D. Hoak, K.A. Hodge, D.J. Hofman, K. Holt, P. Hopkins, T. Horrom, D. Hoske, D.J. Hosken, J.H. Hough, Eric Howell, Y. Hu, E.A. Huerta, B.J. Hughey, S. Husa, S.H. Huttner, M. Huynh, T. Huynh-Dinh, A. Idrisy, D.R. Ingram, R. Inta, G. Islas, T. Isogai, A. Ivanov, B.R. Iyer, K. Izumi, M.R. Jacobson, H. Jang, P. Jaranowski, Y. Ji, F. Jiménez-Forteza, W.W. Johnson, D.I. Jones, G.S. Jones, R.W.L. Jones, R.J.G. Jonker, Li Ju, P.I.P. Kalmus, V. Kalogera, S. Kandhasamy, G. Kang, J.B. Kanner, J. Karlen, M. Kasprzack, E. Katsavounidis, W. Katzman, H. Kaufer, S. Kaufer, Tejinder Kaur, K. Kawabe, F. Kawazoe, F. Kéfélian, G.M. Keiser, D. Keitel, D.B. Kelley, W.P. Kells, D.G. Keppel, A. Khalaidovski, F.Y.A. Khalili, E.A. Khazanov, C. Kim, K. Kim, N.G. Kim, N. Kim, S.H. Kim, Y. Kim, E.J. King, P. King, D.L. Kinzel, J.S. Kissel, S. Klimenko, J.L. Kline, S. Koehlenbeck, K. Kokeyama, V.N. Kondrashov, S. Koranda, W.Z. Korth, I.M. Kowalska, D.B. Kozak, V. Kringel, B. Krishnan, A. Królak, G. Kuehn, A.V.R. Kumar, D.N. Kumar, P. Kumar, R. Kumar, L. Kuo, A. Kutynia, P.K. Lam, M.R. Landry, B.T. Lantz, S.R. Larson, P.D. Lasky, C. Lazzaro, P. Leaci, S. Leavey, E.O. Lebigot, C.H. Lee, H. Lee, J. Lee, P.J. Lee, M. Leonardi, J.R. Leong, A. Le Roux, N. Leroy, N. Letendre, Y.I. Levin, B.M. Levine, J.B. Lewis, T.G.F. Li., K.G. Libbrecht, A. Libson, A.C. Lin, T.B. Littenberg, N.A. Lockerbie, V. Lockett, D. Lodhia, K. Loew, J. Logue, A.L. Lombardi, E.M. López, M. Lorenzini, V. Loriette, M. Lormand, G. Losurdo, J. Lough, M.J. Lubinski, H. Lück, A.P. Lundgren, Y. Ma, E.P. Macdonald, T.R. Macdonald, B. Machenschalk, M. Macinnis, D.M. Macleod, F. Magaña-Sandoval, R. Magee, M. Mageswaran, C. Maglione, K. Mailand, E. Majorana, I. Maksimovic, V. Malvezzi, N.C. Man, G.M. Manca, I. Mandel, V. Mandic, V.D. Mangano, N.M. Mangini, G. Mansell, M. Mantovani, F. Marchesoni, F. Marion, S. Márka, Z. Márka, A.S. Markosyan, E. Maros, J.P. Marque, F. Martelli, I.W. Martin, R.M. Martin, L. Martinelli, D. Martynov, J.N. Marx, K. Mason, A. Masserot, T.J. Massinger, F. Matichard, L. Matone, N. Mavalvala, G. May, N. Mazumder, G. Mazzolo, R.L. Mccarthy, D.E. Mcclelland, S.C. Mcguire, G.T. Mcintyre, J. Mciver, K.M. Mclin, D. Meacher, G.D. Meadors, M. Mehmet, J. Meidam, M. Meinders, A. Melatos, G. Mendell, R.A. Mercer, S. Meshkov, C.J. Messenger, A.B. Meyer, M.S. Meyer, P.M. Meyers, F. Mezzani, H. Miao, C. Michel, E.E. Mikhailov, L. Milano, J.E. Miller, Y.F. Minenkov, C.M.F. Mingarelli, C.S. Mishra, S. Mitra, V.P. Mitrofanov, G.V. Mitselmakher, R. Mittleman, B. Moe, A. Moggi, M.N. Mohan, S.R.P. Mohapatra, D. Moraru, G. Moreno, N. Morgado, S.R. Morriss, K. Mossavi, B. Mours, C.M. Mow-Lowry, C.L. Mueller, G. Mueller, S. Mukherjee, A.J. Mullavey, J. Munch, D.C. Murphy, P.G. Murray, A. Mytidis, M.F. Nagy, I. Nardecchia, L. Naticchioni, R.K. Nayak, V. Necula, G.A. Nelemans, I. Neri, M. Neri, G.P. Newton, T.T.H. Nguyen, A.B. Nielsen, S.M. Nissanke, A.H. Nitz, F. Nocera, D. Nolting, M.E.N. Normandin, L.K. Nuttall, E. Ochsner, J. O'Dell, E. Oelker, J.J. Oh, S.H. Oh, F. Ohme, S. Omar, P. Oppermann, R. Oram, B.M. O'Reilly, W. Ortega, R. O'Shaughnessy, C. Osthelder, D.J. Ottaway, R.S. Ottens, H. Overmier, B.J. Owen, C. Padilla, A. Pai, O.V. Palashov, C. Palomba, H. Pan, Y. Pan, C. Pankow, F. Paoletti, M.A. Papa, H. Paris, A. Pasqualetti, R. Passaquieti, D. Passuello, P.M. Patel, M. Pedraza, A. Pele, S.D. Penn, A. Perreca, M.H. Phelps, M. Pichot, M. Pickenpack, F. Piergiovanni, V. Pierro, L. Pinard, I.M. Pinto, M. Pitkin, J. Poeld, R. Poggiani, A.K. Poteomkin, J.W. Powell, J. Prasad, V. Predoi, S. Premachandra, T. Prestegard, L.R. Price, M. Prijatelj, S. Privitera, G.A. Prodi, L.G. Prokhorov, O. Puncken, M. Punturo, P. Puppo, M. Pürrer, J. Qin, V. Quetschke, E. Quintero, R. Quitzow-James, F.J. Raab, D.S. Rabeling, I. Rácz, H. Radkins, P. Raffai, S.S. Raja, G.I. Rajalakshmi, M. Rakhmanov, C.R. Ramet, K. Ramirez, P. Rapagnani, V. Raymond, M. Razzano, V. Re, S. Recchia, C.M. Reed, T. Régimbau, S.W.J. Reid, D.H. Reitze, O. Reula, E. Rhoades, F.P. Ricci, R. Riesen, K. Riles, N.A. Robertson, F. Robinet, A. Rocchi, S.B. Roddy, S. Rogstad, L. Rolland, J.G. Rollins, R. Romano, G.V. Romanov, J.H. Romie, D. Rosińska, S. Rowan, A. Rüdiger, P. Ruggi, K. Ryan, F. Salemi, L. Sammut, V.D. Sandberg, J.R. Sanders, S.R. Sankar, V. Sannibale, I. Santiago-Prieto, E. Saracco, B. Sassolas, B.S. Sathyaprakash, P.R. Saulson, R.L. Savage, J.T. Scheuer, R. Schilling, M. Schilman, P.V. Schmidt, R. Schnabel, R.M.S. Schofield., E. Schreiber, D.R. 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Wolovick, J.B. Worden, Y. Wu, J. Yablon, I.V. Yakushin, W. Yam, H. Yamamoto, C.C. Yancey, H. Yang, S. Yoshida, M. Yvert, A. Zadroźny, M. Zanolin, J.P. Zendri, F. Zhang, L. Zhang, Chunnong Zhao, H. Zhu, X. Zhu, M.E. Zucker, S. Zuraw, J.G. Zweizig

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    Abstract

    In this paper we report on a search for short-duration gravitational wave bursts in the frequency range 64 Hz-1792 Hz associated with gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), using data from GEO 600 and one of the LIGO or Virgo detectors. We introduce the method of a linear search grid to analyze GRB events with large sky localization uncertainties, for example the localizations provided by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM). Coherent searches for gravitational waves (GWs) can be computationally intensive when the GRB sky position is not well localized, due to the corrections required for the difference in arrival time between detectors. Using a linear search grid we are able to reduce the computational cost of the analysis by a factor of O(10) for GBM events. Furthermore, we demonstrate that our analysis pipeline can improve upon the sky localization of GRBs detected by the GBM, if a high-frequency GW signal is observed in coincidence. We use the method of the linear grid in a search for GWs associated with 129 GRBs observed satellite-based gamma-ray experiments between 2006 and 2011. The GRBs in our sample had not been previously analyzed for GW counterparts. A fraction of our GRB events are analyzed using data from GEO 600 while the detector was using squeezed-light states to improve its sensitivity; this is the first search for GWs using data from a squeezed-light interferometric observatory. We find no evidence for GW signals, either with any individual GRB in this sample or with the population as a whole. For each GRB we place lower bounds on the distance to the progenitor, under an assumption of a fixed GW emission energy of 10-2Mc2, with a median exclusion distance of 0.8 Mpc for emission at 500 Hz and 0.3 Mpc at 1 kHz. The reduced computational cost associated with a linear search grid will enable rapid searches for GWs associated with Fermi GBM events once the advanced LIGO and Virgo detectors begin operation. © 2014 American Physical Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number122004
    Pages (from-to)122004-1 - 122004-17
    Number of pages17
    JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
    Volume89
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2014

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    LIGO (observatory)
    gamma ray bursts
    gravitational waves
    detectors
    monitors
    grids
    sky
    costs
    exclusion
    arrivals
    bursts
    observatories

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    Aasi, J. ; Abbott, B.P. ; Abbott, R.S. ; Abbott, T.D. ; Abernathy, M.R. ; Acernese, F. ; Ackley, K. ; Adams, C.A. ; Adams, T.S. ; Addesso, P. ; Adhikari, R.X. ; Affeldt, C. ; Agathos, M. ; Aggarwal, N. ; Aguiar, O.D. ; Ajith, P.M. ; Alemic, A. ; Allen, B.W. ; Allocca, A. ; Amariutei, D. ; Andersen, M.B. ; Anderson, R.A. ; Anderson, S.B. ; Anderson, W.G. ; Arai, K. ; Araya, M.C. ; Arceneaux, C. ; Areeda, J.S. ; Ast, S. ; Aston, S.M. ; Astone, P. ; Aufmuth, P. ; Augustus, H. ; Aulbert, C. ; Aylott, B.E. ; Babak, S.V. ; Baker, P.T. ; Ballardin, G. ; Ballmer, S.W. ; Barayoga, J.C.B. ; Barbet, M. ; Barish, B.C. ; Barker, D. ; Barone, F.R. ; Barr, B.W. ; Barsotti, L. ; Barsuglia, M. ; Barton, M.A. ; Bartos, I. ; Bassiri, R. ; Basti, A. ; Batch, J.C. ; Bauchrowitz, J. ; Bauer, T.S. ; Baune, C. ; Bavigadda, V. ; Behnke, B. ; Bejger, M. ; Beker, M.G. ; Belczynski, C. ; Bell, A.S. ; Bell, C.J. ; Bergmann, G. ; Bersanetti, D. ; Bertolini, A. ; Betzwieser, J.C. ; Bilenko, I.A. ; Billingsley, G.L. ; Birch, J. ; Biscans, S. ; Bitossi, M. ; Biwer, C.M. ; Bizouard, M.A. ; Black, E.D. ; Blackburn, J.K. ; Blackburn, L. ; Blair, David ; Bloemen, S. ; Bock, O. ; Bodiya, T.P. ; Boer, M. ; Bogaert, G. ; Bogan, C. ; Bond, C. ; Bondu, F. ; Bonelli, L. ; Bonnand, R. ; Bork, R. ; Born, M. ; Boschi, V. ; Böse, S.B. ; Bosi, L.B. ; Bradaschia, C. ; Brady, P.R. ; Braginsky, V.B. ; Branchesi, M. ; Brau, J.E. ; Briant, T. ; Bridges, D.O. ; Brillet, A. ; Brinkmann, M. ; Brisson, V. ; Brooks, A.F. ; Brown, D.A. ; Brown, D.D.E. ; Brückner, F. ; Buchman, S. ; Buikema, A. ; Bulik, T. ; Bülten, H.J. ; Buonanno, A. ; Burman, Ron ; Buskulic, D. ; Buy, C. ; Cadonati, L. ; Cagnoli, G. ; Cain, J.D. ; Calderón Bustillo, J. ; Calloni, E. ; Camp, J.B. ; Campsie, P. ; Cannon, K.C. ; Canuel, B. ; Cao, J. ; Capano, C.D. ; Carbognani, F. ; Carbone, L. ; Caride, S. ; Castaldi, G. ; Caudill, S.E. ; Cavaglià, M. ; Cavalier, F. ; Cavalieri, R. ; Celerier, C. ; Cella, G.C. ; Cepeda, C. ; Cesarini, E. ; Chakraborty, R. ; Chalermsongsak, T. ; Chamberlin, S.J. ; Chao, S. ; Charlton, P.R. ; Chassande-Mottin, E. ; Chen, X. ; Chen, Y. ; Chincarini, A. ; Chiummo, A. ; Cho, H. ; Cho, M. ; Chow, J.H. ; Christensen, N.L. ; Chu, Qi ; Chua, S. ; Chung, S. ; Ciani, G.S. ; Clara, F.M. ; Clark, D.E. ; Clark, J.A. ; Clayton, J.H. ; Cleva, F. ; Coccia, E. ; Cohadon, P.F. ; Colla, A. ; Collette, C. ; Colombini, M. ; Cominsky, L.R. ; Constancio, M. ; Conte, A. ; Cook, D. ; Corbitt, T.R.C. ; Cornish, N.J. ; Corsi, A. ; Costa, C.A. ; Coughlin, M.W. ; Coulon, J.P. ; Countryman, S. ; Couvares, P. ; Coward, David ; Cowart, M.J. ; Coyne, D.C. ; Coyne, R. ; Craig, K.K. ; Creighton, J.D.E. ; Croce, R.P. ; Crowder, S.G. ; Cumming, A.V. ; Cunningham, L. ; Cuoco, E. ; Cutler, C.J. ; Dahl, K. ; Dal Canton, T. ; Damjanic, M. ; Danilishin, Stefan ; D'Antonio, S. ; Danzmann, K.V. ; Dattilo, V. ; Daveloza, H.P. ; Davier, M. ; Davies, G.S. ; Daw, E.J. ; Day, R. ; Dayanga, T. ; Debra, D.B. ; Debreczeni, G. ; Degallaix, J. ; Deléglise, S. ; Del Pozzo, W. ; Denker, T. ; 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In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology. 2014 ; Vol. 89, No. 12. pp. 122004-1 - 122004-17.
    @article{149d1635f9a54c5d90d4c67859e9ca72,
    title = "Methods and results of a search for gravitational waves associated with gamma-ray bursts using the GEO 600, LIGO, and Virgo detectors",
    abstract = "In this paper we report on a search for short-duration gravitational wave bursts in the frequency range 64 Hz-1792 Hz associated with gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), using data from GEO 600 and one of the LIGO or Virgo detectors. We introduce the method of a linear search grid to analyze GRB events with large sky localization uncertainties, for example the localizations provided by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM). Coherent searches for gravitational waves (GWs) can be computationally intensive when the GRB sky position is not well localized, due to the corrections required for the difference in arrival time between detectors. Using a linear search grid we are able to reduce the computational cost of the analysis by a factor of O(10) for GBM events. Furthermore, we demonstrate that our analysis pipeline can improve upon the sky localization of GRBs detected by the GBM, if a high-frequency GW signal is observed in coincidence. We use the method of the linear grid in a search for GWs associated with 129 GRBs observed satellite-based gamma-ray experiments between 2006 and 2011. The GRBs in our sample had not been previously analyzed for GW counterparts. A fraction of our GRB events are analyzed using data from GEO 600 while the detector was using squeezed-light states to improve its sensitivity; this is the first search for GWs using data from a squeezed-light interferometric observatory. We find no evidence for GW signals, either with any individual GRB in this sample or with the population as a whole. For each GRB we place lower bounds on the distance to the progenitor, under an assumption of a fixed GW emission energy of 10-2Mc2, with a median exclusion distance of 0.8 Mpc for emission at 500 Hz and 0.3 Mpc at 1 kHz. The reduced computational cost associated with a linear search grid will enable rapid searches for GWs associated with Fermi GBM events once the advanced LIGO and Virgo detectors begin operation. {\circledC} 2014 American Physical Society.",
    author = "J. Aasi and B.P. Abbott and R.S. Abbott and T.D. Abbott and M.R. Abernathy and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C.A. Adams and T.S. Adams and P. Addesso and R.X. Adhikari and C. Affeldt and M. Agathos and N. Aggarwal and O.D. Aguiar and P.M. Ajith and A. Alemic and B.W. Allen and A. Allocca and D. Amariutei and M.B. Andersen and R.A. Anderson and S.B. Anderson and W.G. Anderson and K. Arai and M.C. Araya and C. Arceneaux and J.S. Areeda and S. Ast and S.M. Aston and P. Astone and P. Aufmuth and H. Augustus and C. Aulbert and B.E. Aylott and S.V. Babak and P.T. Baker and G. Ballardin and S.W. Ballmer and J.C.B. Barayoga and M. Barbet and B.C. Barish and D. Barker and F.R. Barone and B.W. Barr and L. Barsotti and M. Barsuglia and M.A. Barton and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and A. Basti and J.C. Batch and J. Bauchrowitz and T.S. Bauer and C. Baune and V. Bavigadda and B. Behnke and M. Bejger and M.G. Beker and C. Belczynski and A.S. Bell and C.J. Bell and G. Bergmann and D. Bersanetti and A. Bertolini and J.C. Betzwieser and I.A. Bilenko and G.L. Billingsley and J. Birch and S. Biscans and M. Bitossi and C.M. Biwer and M.A. Bizouard and E.D. Black and J.K. Blackburn and L. Blackburn and David Blair and S. Bloemen and O. Bock and T.P. Bodiya and M. Boer and G. Bogaert and C. Bogan and C. Bond and F. Bondu and L. Bonelli and R. Bonnand and R. Bork and M. Born and V. Boschi and S.B. B{\"o}se and L.B. Bosi and C. Bradaschia and P.R. Brady and V.B. Braginsky and M. Branchesi and J.E. Brau and T. Briant and D.O. Bridges and A. Brillet and M. Brinkmann and V. Brisson and A.F. Brooks and D.A. Brown and D.D.E. Brown and F. Br{\"u}ckner and S. Buchman and A. Buikema and T. Bulik and H.J. B{\"u}lten and A. Buonanno and Ron Burman and D. Buskulic and C. Buy and L. Cadonati and G. Cagnoli and J.D. Cain and {Calder{\'o}n Bustillo}, J. and E. Calloni and J.B. Camp and P. Campsie and K.C. Cannon and B. Canuel and J. Cao and C.D. Capano and F. Carbognani and L. Carbone and S. Caride and G. Castaldi and S.E. Caudill and M. Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and C. Celerier and G.C. Cella and C. Cepeda and E. Cesarini and R. Chakraborty and T. Chalermsongsak and S.J. Chamberlin and S. Chao and P.R. Charlton and E. Chassande-Mottin and X. Chen and Y. Chen and A. Chincarini and A. Chiummo and H. Cho and M. Cho and J.H. Chow and N.L. Christensen and Qi Chu and S. Chua and S. Chung and G.S. Ciani and F.M. Clara and D.E. Clark and J.A. Clark and J.H. Clayton and F. Cleva and E. Coccia and P.F. Cohadon and A. Colla and C. Collette and M. Colombini and L.R. Cominsky and M. Constancio and A. Conte and D. Cook and T.R.C. Corbitt and N.J. Cornish and A. Corsi and C.A. Costa and M.W. Coughlin and J.P. Coulon and S. Countryman and P. Couvares and David Coward and M.J. Cowart and D.C. Coyne and R. Coyne and K.K. Craig and J.D.E. Creighton and R.P. Croce and S.G. Crowder and A.V. Cumming and L. Cunningham and E. Cuoco and C.J. Cutler and K. Dahl and {Dal Canton}, T. and M. Damjanic and Stefan Danilishin and S. D'Antonio and K.V. Danzmann and V. Dattilo and H.P. Daveloza and M. Davier and G.S. Davies and E.J. Daw and R. Day and T. Dayanga and D.B. Debra and G. Debreczeni and J. Degallaix and S. Del{\'e}glise and {Del Pozzo}, W. and T. Denker and T. Dent and H. Dereli and V.A. Dergachev and {De Rosa}, R.D. and R.T. Derosa and R. Desalvo and S.V. Dhurandhar and M.A. D{\'i}az and J. Dickson and {Di Fiore}, L.D. and {Di Lieto}, A.D. and {Di Palma}, I. and {Di Virgilio}, A.D. and V. Dolique and E. Dom{\^i}nguez and F. Donovan and K.L. Dooley and S. Doravari and R. Douglas and T.P. Downes and M. Drago and R.W.P. Drever and J.C. Driggers and Z. Du and M. Ducrot and S. Dwyer and T. Eberle and T.B. Edo and M.F. Edwards and A. Effler and H.B. Eggenstein and P. Ehrens and J. Eichholz and S.S. Eikenberry and G. Endr{\"o}czi and R. Essick and T. Etzel and M. Evans and T. Evans and M. Factourovich and V. Fafone and S. Fairhurst and X. Fan and Qi Fang and S. Farinon and B.F. Farr and W.M. Farr and M. Favata and D. Fazi and H. Fehrmann and M.M. Fejer and D. Feldbaum and F. Feroz and I. Ferrante and E.C. Ferreira and F. Ferrini and F. Fidecaro and L.S. Finn and I. Fiori and R.P. Fisher and R.R. Flaminio and N.V. Fotopoulos and J.D. Fournier and S. Franco and S. Frasca and F. Frasconi and M. Frede and Z. Frei and A. Freise and R. Frey and T.T. Fricke and P.K. Fritschel and V.V. Frolov and P.J. Fulda and M. Fyffe and J.R. Gair and L. Gammaitoni and S. Gaonkar and F.S. Garufi and N.A. Gehrels and G. Gemme and B. Gendre and E. Genin and A. Gennai and S. Ghosh and J.A. Giaime and K.D. Giardina and A. Giazotto and C. Gill and J. Gleason and E. Goetz and R. Goetz and L. Gond{\'a}n and G.I. Gonz{\'a}lez and N. Gordon and M.L. Gorodetsky and S. Gossan and S. Go{\ss}ler and R. Gouaty and C.P. Gr{\"a}f and P.B. Graff and M. Granata and A.I. Grant and S. Gras and C. Gray and R.J.S. Greenhalgh and A.M. Gretarsson and P.J. Groot and H. Grote and K.D. Grover and S. Gr{\"u}newald and G.M. Guidi and C.J. Guido and K.E. Gushwa and E.K. Gustafson and R. Gustafson and J. Ha and E.D. Hall and W.O. Hamilton and D. Hammer and G.D. Hammond and M. Hanke and J.A. Hanks and C. Hanna and M.D. Hannam and J. Hanson and K.H. Haris and J. Harms and G.M. Harry and I.W. Harry and E.D. Harstad and M.V. Hart and M. Hartman and C.J. Haster and K. Haughian and A. Heidmann and M.C. Heintze and H. Heitmann and P. Hello and G. Hemming and M.A. Hendry and I. Heng and A.W. Heptonstall and M. Heurs and M.R. Hewitson and S. Hild and D. Hoak and K.A. Hodge and D.J. Hofman and K. Holt and P. Hopkins and T. Horrom and D. Hoske and D.J. Hosken and J.H. Hough and Eric Howell and Y. Hu and E.A. Huerta and B.J. Hughey and S. Husa and S.H. Huttner and M. Huynh and T. Huynh-Dinh and A. Idrisy and D.R. Ingram and R. Inta and G. Islas and T. Isogai and A. Ivanov and B.R. Iyer and K. Izumi and M.R. Jacobson and H. Jang and P. Jaranowski and Y. Ji and F. Jim{\'e}nez-Forteza and W.W. Johnson and D.I. Jones and G.S. Jones and R.W.L. Jones and R.J.G. Jonker and Li Ju and P.I.P. Kalmus and V. Kalogera and S. Kandhasamy and G. Kang and J.B. Kanner and J. Karlen and M. Kasprzack and E. Katsavounidis and W. Katzman and H. Kaufer and S. Kaufer and Tejinder Kaur and K. Kawabe and F. Kawazoe and F. K{\'e}f{\'e}lian and G.M. Keiser and D. Keitel and D.B. Kelley and W.P. Kells and D.G. Keppel and A. Khalaidovski and F.Y.A. Khalili and E.A. Khazanov and C. Kim and K. Kim and N.G. Kim and N. Kim and S.H. Kim and Y. Kim and E.J. King and P. King and D.L. Kinzel and J.S. Kissel and S. Klimenko and J.L. Kline and S. Koehlenbeck and K. Kokeyama and V.N. Kondrashov and S. Koranda and W.Z. Korth and I.M. Kowalska and D.B. Kozak and V. Kringel and B. Krishnan and A. Kr{\'o}lak and G. Kuehn and A.V.R. Kumar and D.N. Kumar and P. Kumar and R. Kumar and L. Kuo and A. Kutynia and P.K. Lam and M.R. Landry and B.T. Lantz and S.R. Larson and P.D. Lasky and C. Lazzaro and P. Leaci and S. Leavey and E.O. Lebigot and C.H. Lee and H. Lee and J. Lee and P.J. Lee and M. Leonardi and J.R. Leong and {Le Roux}, A. and N. Leroy and N. Letendre and Y.I. Levin and B.M. Levine and J.B. Lewis and T.G.F. Li. and K.G. Libbrecht and A. Libson and A.C. Lin and T.B. Littenberg and N.A. Lockerbie and V. Lockett and D. Lodhia and K. Loew and J. Logue and A.L. Lombardi and E.M. L{\'o}pez and M. Lorenzini and V. Loriette and M. Lormand and G. Losurdo and J. Lough and M.J. Lubinski and H. L{\"u}ck and A.P. Lundgren and Y. Ma and E.P. Macdonald and T.R. Macdonald and B. Machenschalk and M. Macinnis and D.M. Macleod and F. Maga{\~n}a-Sandoval and R. Magee and M. Mageswaran and C. Maglione and K. Mailand and E. Majorana and I. Maksimovic and V. Malvezzi and N.C. Man and G.M. Manca and I. Mandel and V. Mandic and V.D. Mangano and N.M. Mangini and G. Mansell and M. Mantovani and F. Marchesoni and F. Marion and S. M{\'a}rka and Z. M{\'a}rka and A.S. Markosyan and E. Maros and J.P. Marque and F. Martelli and I.W. Martin and R.M. Martin and L. Martinelli and D. Martynov and J.N. Marx and K. Mason and A. Masserot and T.J. Massinger and F. Matichard and L. Matone and N. Mavalvala and G. May and N. Mazumder and G. Mazzolo and R.L. Mccarthy and D.E. Mcclelland and S.C. Mcguire and G.T. Mcintyre and J. Mciver and K.M. Mclin and D. Meacher and G.D. Meadors and M. Mehmet and J. Meidam and M. Meinders and A. Melatos and G. Mendell and R.A. Mercer and S. Meshkov and C.J. Messenger and A.B. Meyer and M.S. Meyer and P.M. Meyers and F. Mezzani and H. Miao and C. Michel and E.E. Mikhailov and L. Milano and J.E. Miller and Y.F. Minenkov and C.M.F. Mingarelli and C.S. Mishra and S. Mitra and V.P. Mitrofanov and G.V. Mitselmakher and R. Mittleman and B. Moe and A. Moggi and M.N. Mohan and S.R.P. Mohapatra and D. Moraru and G. Moreno and N. Morgado and S.R. Morriss and K. Mossavi and B. Mours and C.M. Mow-Lowry and C.L. Mueller and G. Mueller and S. Mukherjee and A.J. Mullavey and J. Munch and D.C. Murphy and P.G. Murray and A. Mytidis and M.F. Nagy and I. Nardecchia and L. Naticchioni and R.K. Nayak and V. Necula and G.A. Nelemans and I. Neri and M. Neri and G.P. Newton and T.T.H. Nguyen and A.B. Nielsen and S.M. Nissanke and A.H. Nitz and F. Nocera and D. Nolting and M.E.N. Normandin and L.K. Nuttall and E. Ochsner and J. O'Dell and E. Oelker and J.J. Oh and S.H. Oh and F. Ohme and S. Omar and P. Oppermann and R. Oram and B.M. O'Reilly and W. Ortega and R. O'Shaughnessy and C. Osthelder and D.J. Ottaway and R.S. Ottens and H. Overmier and B.J. Owen and C. Padilla and A. Pai and O.V. Palashov and C. Palomba and H. Pan and Y. Pan and C. Pankow and F. Paoletti and M.A. Papa and H. Paris and A. Pasqualetti and R. Passaquieti and D. Passuello and P.M. Patel and M. Pedraza and A. Pele and S.D. Penn and A. Perreca and M.H. Phelps and M. Pichot and M. Pickenpack and F. Piergiovanni and V. Pierro and L. Pinard and I.M. Pinto and M. Pitkin and J. Poeld and R. Poggiani and A.K. Poteomkin and J.W. Powell and J. Prasad and V. Predoi and S. Premachandra and T. Prestegard and L.R. Price and M. Prijatelj and S. Privitera and G.A. Prodi and L.G. Prokhorov and O. Puncken and M. Punturo and P. Puppo and M. P{\"u}rrer and J. Qin and V. Quetschke and E. Quintero and R. Quitzow-James and F.J. Raab and D.S. Rabeling and I. R{\'a}cz and H. Radkins and P. Raffai and S.S. Raja and G.I. Rajalakshmi and M. Rakhmanov and C.R. Ramet and K. Ramirez and P. Rapagnani and V. Raymond and M. Razzano and V. Re and S. Recchia and C.M. Reed and T. R{\'e}gimbau and S.W.J. Reid and D.H. Reitze and O. Reula and E. Rhoades and F.P. Ricci and R. Riesen and K. Riles and N.A. Robertson and F. Robinet and A. Rocchi and S.B. Roddy and S. Rogstad and L. Rolland and J.G. Rollins and R. Romano and G.V. Romanov and J.H. Romie and D. Rosińska and S. Rowan and A. R{\"u}diger and P. Ruggi and K. Ryan and F. Salemi and L. Sammut and V.D. Sandberg and J.R. Sanders and S.R. Sankar and V. Sannibale and I. Santiago-Prieto and E. Saracco and B. Sassolas and B.S. Sathyaprakash and P.R. Saulson and R.L. Savage and J.T. Scheuer and R. Schilling and M. Schilman and P.V. Schmidt and R. Schnabel and R.M.S. Schofield. and E. Schreiber and D.R. Schuette and B.F. Sch{\"u}tz and J.E. Scott and S.M. Scott and D. Sellers and A.S. Sengupta and D. Sentenac and V. Sequino and A.M. Sergeev and D.A. Shaddock and S. Shah and M.S. Shahriar and M. Shaltev and Z. Shao and B.N. Shapiro and P.S. Shawhan and D.H. Shoemaker and T.L. Sidery and K. Siellez and X.A. Siemens and D.C. Sigg and D.A. Simakov and A. Singer and L.P. Singer and R. Singh and A.M. Sintes and B.J.J. Slagmolen and J. Slutsky and J.R. Smith and M.R. Smith and R.J.E. Smith and N.D. Smith-Lefebvre and E.J. Son and B. Sorazu and T. Souradeep and A.N. Staley and J.F. Stebbins and M.F. Steinke and J. Steinlechner and S. Steinlechner and B.C. Stephens and S. Steplewski and S. Stevenson and R.L. Stone and D. Stops and K.A. Strain and N. Straniero and S.E. Strigin and R. Sturani and A.L. Stuver and T.Z. Summerscales and S. Susmithan and P.J. Sutton and B.L. Swinkels and M. Tacca and D. Talukder and D.B. Tanner and J. Tao and S.P. Tarabrin and R.P. Taylor and G. T{\'e}llez and M.P. Thirugnanasambandam and M. Thomas and P.J.W. Thomas and K.A. Thorne and K.S. Thorne and E. Thrane and V. Tiwari and K.V. Tokmakov and C. Tomlinson and M. Tonelli and C.V. Torres and C.I. Torrie and F. Travasso and G. Traylor and M. Trias and M. Tse and D. Tshilumba and H. Tuennermann and D.W. Ugolini and C.S. Unnikrishnan and A.L. Urban and S.A. Usman and H. Vahlbruch and G. Vajente and G. Valdes and M. Vallisneri and {Van Beuzekom}, M.G. and {Van Den Brand}, J.F.J.V.D. and {Van Den Broeck}, C.V.D. and {Van Der Sluys}, M.V. and {Van Heijningen}, J. and {Van Veggel}, A.A. and S. Vass and M. Vas{\'u}th and R. Vaulin and A. Vecchio and G. Vedovato and J.D. Veitch and P.J. Veitch and K.Y. Venkateswara and D. Verkindt and F. Vetrano and A.A. Vicer{\'e} and R.E. Vincent-Finley and J.Y. Vinet and S. Vitale and T. Vo and H. Vocca and C. Vorvick and W.D. Vousden and S.P. Vyachanin and A.R. Wade and L. Wade and M. Wade and M. Walker and L. Wallace and S. Walsh and M. Wang and X. Wang and R.L. Ward and M. Wa̧s and B. Weaver and L.W. Wei and M.S. Weinert and A.J.R. Weinstein and R. Weiss and T. Welborn and Linqing Wen and P. We{\ss}els and M.A. West and T. Westphal and K.W. Wette and J.T. Whelan and D.J. White and B.F. Whiting and K. Wiesner and C. Wilkinson and K. Williams and L.F. Williams and R.R. Williams and T.D. Williams and A.R. Williamson and J.L. Willis and B. Willke and M.H. Wimmer and W. Winkler and C.C. Wipf and A.G. Wiseman and H. Wittel and G. Woan and N. Wolovick and J.B. Worden and Y. Wu and J. Yablon and I.V. Yakushin and W. Yam and H. Yamamoto and C.C. Yancey and H. Yang and S. Yoshida and M. Yvert and A. Zadroźny and M. Zanolin and J.P. Zendri and F. Zhang and L. Zhang and Chunnong Zhao and H. Zhu and X. Zhu and M.E. Zucker and S. Zuraw and J.G. Zweizig",
    year = "2014",
    month = "6",
    day = "25",
    doi = "10.1103/PhysRevD.89.122004",
    language = "English",
    volume = "89",
    pages = "122004--1 -- 122004--17",
    journal = "Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology",
    issn = "1550-7998",
    publisher = "American Physical Society",
    number = "12",

    }

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Zhang, F.; Zhang, L.; Zhao, Chunnong; Zhu, H.; Zhu, X.; Zucker, M.E.; Zuraw, S.; Zweizig, J.G.

    In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol. 89, No. 12, 122004, 25.06.2014, p. 122004-1 - 122004-17.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Methods and results of a search for gravitational waves associated with gamma-ray bursts using the GEO 600, LIGO, and Virgo detectors

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    PY - 2014/6/25

    Y1 - 2014/6/25

    N2 - In this paper we report on a search for short-duration gravitational wave bursts in the frequency range 64 Hz-1792 Hz associated with gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), using data from GEO 600 and one of the LIGO or Virgo detectors. We introduce the method of a linear search grid to analyze GRB events with large sky localization uncertainties, for example the localizations provided by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM). Coherent searches for gravitational waves (GWs) can be computationally intensive when the GRB sky position is not well localized, due to the corrections required for the difference in arrival time between detectors. Using a linear search grid we are able to reduce the computational cost of the analysis by a factor of O(10) for GBM events. Furthermore, we demonstrate that our analysis pipeline can improve upon the sky localization of GRBs detected by the GBM, if a high-frequency GW signal is observed in coincidence. We use the method of the linear grid in a search for GWs associated with 129 GRBs observed satellite-based gamma-ray experiments between 2006 and 2011. The GRBs in our sample had not been previously analyzed for GW counterparts. A fraction of our GRB events are analyzed using data from GEO 600 while the detector was using squeezed-light states to improve its sensitivity; this is the first search for GWs using data from a squeezed-light interferometric observatory. We find no evidence for GW signals, either with any individual GRB in this sample or with the population as a whole. For each GRB we place lower bounds on the distance to the progenitor, under an assumption of a fixed GW emission energy of 10-2Mc2, with a median exclusion distance of 0.8 Mpc for emission at 500 Hz and 0.3 Mpc at 1 kHz. The reduced computational cost associated with a linear search grid will enable rapid searches for GWs associated with Fermi GBM events once the advanced LIGO and Virgo detectors begin operation. © 2014 American Physical Society.

    AB - In this paper we report on a search for short-duration gravitational wave bursts in the frequency range 64 Hz-1792 Hz associated with gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), using data from GEO 600 and one of the LIGO or Virgo detectors. We introduce the method of a linear search grid to analyze GRB events with large sky localization uncertainties, for example the localizations provided by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM). Coherent searches for gravitational waves (GWs) can be computationally intensive when the GRB sky position is not well localized, due to the corrections required for the difference in arrival time between detectors. Using a linear search grid we are able to reduce the computational cost of the analysis by a factor of O(10) for GBM events. Furthermore, we demonstrate that our analysis pipeline can improve upon the sky localization of GRBs detected by the GBM, if a high-frequency GW signal is observed in coincidence. We use the method of the linear grid in a search for GWs associated with 129 GRBs observed satellite-based gamma-ray experiments between 2006 and 2011. The GRBs in our sample had not been previously analyzed for GW counterparts. A fraction of our GRB events are analyzed using data from GEO 600 while the detector was using squeezed-light states to improve its sensitivity; this is the first search for GWs using data from a squeezed-light interferometric observatory. We find no evidence for GW signals, either with any individual GRB in this sample or with the population as a whole. For each GRB we place lower bounds on the distance to the progenitor, under an assumption of a fixed GW emission energy of 10-2Mc2, with a median exclusion distance of 0.8 Mpc for emission at 500 Hz and 0.3 Mpc at 1 kHz. The reduced computational cost associated with a linear search grid will enable rapid searches for GWs associated with Fermi GBM events once the advanced LIGO and Virgo detectors begin operation. © 2014 American Physical Society.

    U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.89.122004

    DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.89.122004

    M3 - Article

    VL - 89

    SP - 122004-1 - 122004-17

    JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

    JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

    SN - 1550-7998

    IS - 12

    M1 - 122004

    ER -