Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Western Australia

L. Dailey, G.W. Coombs, F.G. O'Brien, J.W. Pearman, Keryn Christiansen, W.B. Grubb, Thomas Riley

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35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) continues to be a notable cause of hospital-acquired infections. A statewide screening and control policy was implemented in Western Australia (WA) after an outbreak of epidemic MRSA in a Perth hospital in 1982. We report on statutory notifications from 1998 to 2002 and review the 20-year period from 1983 to 2002. The rate of reporting of community-associated Western Australia MRSA (WAMRSA) escalated from 1998 to 2002 but may have peaked in 2001. Several outbreaks were halted, but they resulted in an increase in reports as a result of screening. A notable increase in ciprofloxacin resistance during the study period was observed as a result of more United Kingdom epidemic MRSA (EMRSA) -15 and -16. WA has seen a persistently low incidence of multidrug-resistant MRSA because of the screening and decolonization program. Non-multidrug-resistant, community-associated WAMRSA strains have not established in WA hospitals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1584-1590
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume11
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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