Men and women with psychosis and the impact of illness-duration on sex-differences: The second Australian national survey of psychosis

Mary Claire Hanlon, Linda E. Campbell, Natalie Single, Clare Coleman, Vera A. Morgan, Susan M. Cotton, Helen J. Stain, David J. Castle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


We aimed to examine and compare sex-differences in people receiving treatment for psychotic illnesses in community settings, based on long or short duration of illness; expecting association between longer illness-duration and worse outcomes in women and men. Clinical, demographic and service-use data from the Survey of High Impact Psychosis were analysed by sex and duration of illness (≤5 years; ≥6 years), using independent t-tests, chi-square tests, one-way ANOVA, and Cramer's V. Of the 1825 participants, 47% had schizophrenia, 17.5% bipolar and 16.1% schizo-affective disorders. More women than men had undertaken post-school education, maintained relationships, and been living in their own homes. Women with a shorter-illness-duration showed social functioning equivalent to non-ill women in the general population. Men tended to have an early illness onset, show premorbid dysfunction, be single, show severe disability, and to use illicit substances. Men with a longer-illness-duration were very socially disadvantaged and isolated, often experiencing homelessness and substance use. Men with a short-illness-duration were most likely to be in paid employment, but two-thirds earned less than $AUD500 per fortnight. Men with longer-illness-duration showed most disability, socially and globally. Interventions should be guided by diagnosis, but also by a person's sex and duration of illness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-143
Number of pages14
JournalPsychiatry Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017


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