Memory updating in sub-clinical eating disorder: Differential effects with food and body shape words

Olivia Fenton, Ullrich Ecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. The present study investigated how eating disorder (ED) relevant information is updated in working memory in people with high vs. low scores on a measure of eating disorder pathology (the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, EDE-Q). Participants performed two memory updating tasks. One was a neutral control task using digits; the other task involved food words and words relating to body-shape, and provided measures of updating speed and post-updating recall. We found that high EDE-Q participants (1) showed no sign of general memory updating impairment as indicated by performance in the control task; (2) showed a general recall deficit in the task involving ED-relevant stimuli, suggesting a general distraction of cognitive resources in the presence of ED-related items; (3) showed a relative facilitation in the recall of food words; and (4) showed quicker updating toward food words and relatively slower updating toward body-shape-related words. Results are discussed in the context of cognitive theories of eating disorders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-106
JournalEating Behaviors
Volume17
Early online date7 Feb 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

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Food
Feeding and Eating Disorders
Short-Term Memory
Pathology
Surveys and Questionnaires

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abstract = "{\circledC} 2015 Elsevier Ltd. The present study investigated how eating disorder (ED) relevant information is updated in working memory in people with high vs. low scores on a measure of eating disorder pathology (the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, EDE-Q). Participants performed two memory updating tasks. One was a neutral control task using digits; the other task involved food words and words relating to body-shape, and provided measures of updating speed and post-updating recall. We found that high EDE-Q participants (1) showed no sign of general memory updating impairment as indicated by performance in the control task; (2) showed a general recall deficit in the task involving ED-relevant stimuli, suggesting a general distraction of cognitive resources in the presence of ED-related items; (3) showed a relative facilitation in the recall of food words; and (4) showed quicker updating toward food words and relatively slower updating toward body-shape-related words. Results are discussed in the context of cognitive theories of eating disorders.",
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Memory updating in sub-clinical eating disorder: Differential effects with food and body shape words. / Fenton, Olivia; Ecker, Ullrich.

In: Eating Behaviors, Vol. 17, 04.2015, p. 103-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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