Medialized Dome and Anatomic Onlay Patella Designs in the Modern Posterior Stabilized Rotating Platform Total Knee Arthroplasty Demonstrate No Clinical or Radiological Differences at One Year

Salar Sobhi, Michael A. Finsterwald, Sonja Häckel, Lukas A. Holzer, Piers J. Yates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: A successful outcome after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) includes the restoration of patellofemoral function. Modern patella component designs in TKA include a medialized dome and more recently, an anatomic design. There is a paucity of literature comparing these 2 implants. Methods: This prospective nonrandomized study examined 544 consecutive TKAs with patella resurfacing using a posterior-stabilized, rotating platform knee prothesis performed by a single surgeon. A medialized dome patella design was used in the first 323 cases and an anatomic design in the subsequent 221 cases. Patients were assessed preoperatively, at 4 weeks and 1-year post-TKA for Oxford Knee Score (OKS) (total, pain, and kneeling components) and range of movement (ROM). Radiolucent lines (RLLs), patellar tilts and displacements, as well as reoperations were assessed at 1-year post-TKA. Results: At 1-year post-TKA, both groups demonstrated similar improvements in ROM, OKS, pain, and kneeling scores, and had a similar incidence of fixed-flexion deformity (all P >.05). Radiographically, there was no clinically significant difference in the incidence of RLLs, patellar tilts, and displacements. The prevalence of reoperations (1.8 versus 3.2%, P =.526) was similar between the designs with no patella-related complications. Conclusion: Both medialized dome and anatomic patella designs result in improved ROM and OKS with no patella-related complications. However, our study showed no differences between the designs at 1 year.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-95
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

Cite this