Three mechanisms of iron uptake by rat erythroid cells were identified, two with non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI) and one with transferrin-bound iron (Fe-Tf). Uptake of NTBI occurred by a high affinity mechanism (K-m approximately 0.1 muM). Activity of the high affinity mechanism was maximal in sucrose solution and of the low affinity mechanism in KCl solution. Both were inhibited by NaCl and by certain ion transport inhibitors, but they differed in their sensitivity to the various inhibitors. Fe-Tf uptake was also of high affinity (K-m 0.1 muM). All the transport mechanisms show higher activity in reticulocytes than in mature erythrocytes, and all could provide iron for heme synthesis in reticulocytes. The results demonstrate certain conditions which should be followed in order to study high affinity transport of NTBI. These include use of a low packed cell volume in the incubation mixture, low iron concentrations (0.01-1.0 muM), short incubation times (up to 20 min), and low osmolality (approximately 200 mOsm/kg) during incubation with the NTBI and subsequent washing of the cells, J. Cell. Physiol. 186:193-200, 2001. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Journal||Journal of Cellular Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|