Mechanisms for tolerance of very high tissue phosphorus concentrations in P tilotus polystachyus

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Abstract

© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Study of plants with unusual phosphorus (P) physiology may assist development of more P-efficient crops. Ptilotus polystachyus grows well at high P supply, when shoot P concentrations ([P]) may exceed 40mg Pg-1 dry matter (DM). We explored the P physiology of P.polystachyus seedlings grown in nutrient solution with 0-5mM P. In addition, young leaves and roots of soil-grown plants were used for cryo-scanning electron microscopy and X-ray microanalysis. No P-toxicity symptoms were observed, even at 5mM P in solution. Shoot DM was similar at 0.1 and 1.0mM P in solution, but was ∼14% lower at 2 and 5mM P. At 1mM P, [P] was 36, 18, 14 and 11mg Pg-1 DM in mature leaves, young leaves, stems and roots, respectively. Leaf potassium, calcium and magnesium concentrations increased with increasing P supply. Leaf epidermal and palisade mesophyll cells had similar [P]. The root epidermis and most cortical cells had senesced, even in young roots. We conclude that preferential accumulation of P in mature leaves, accumulation of balancing cations and uniform distribution of P across leaf cell types allow P.polystachyus to tolerate very high leaf [P]. Study of plants with unusual phosphorus (P) physiology, such as the Australian herb Ptilotus polystachyus which grows well under both very high and very low P availability, may assist development of more P-efficient crops. We examined the growth and nutrition of P. polystachyus seedlings in nutrient solution with 0 to 5mMP and soil-grown plants were used for cryo-scanning electron microscopy and X-ray microanalysis. No P-toxicity symptoms were observed even though P concentrations in mature leaves reached 36mg P g-1 dry matter. It is concluded that tolerance to high P is primarily conferred through preferential accumulation of P in mature leaves, accumulation of balancing cations and uniform distribution of P across leaf cell types.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)790-799
JournalPlant, Cell & Environment
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

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