Mechanical cleaning of oil spills in seawater using circular conduits

S. Elgaghah, J.H. Abou-Kassem, A.Y. Zekri

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Treatment of the crude oil pollution in seawater has attracted global attention during the last two decades. This study was undertaken using circular conduits as a mechanical means to clean oil spills in seawater under different conditions of temperature, oil gravity, shaking frequency, conduit diameter, and initial thickness of oil layer. An experimental model was designed and built to achieve the study. It consists of shaking water bath ( to represent sea waves) fitted with temperature controller and glass tubes of different inside diameters of 0.3 cm, 0.5 cm, and 0.7 cm. Three crude oils of different oil gravity of 35 degrees API, 38 degrees API, and 47 degrees API were investigated under different shaking frequencies of 20, 40, and 60 stroke/minute with different tube diameters. The results proved that application of mechanical cleaning of oil spills using circular conduits is a practical technique. The cleaning of black oil spills is more efficient than one of volatile oil. Furthermore, the results indicated that the increase of shaking frequency and/or water temperature provide(s) faster cleaning of oil spills while temperature increase recovers the maximum oil.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1257-1268
    JournalEnergy Sources
    Volume27
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

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