A comprehensive experimental program was undertaken to analyse the structural and material characteristics of synthetic fibre reinforced geopolymer concrete. This study focused on the effect of monofilament and fibrillated polypropylene fibres and monofilament structural polyolefin fibres on mechanical and flexural performance of fly ash based geopolymer concrete. Five types of synthetic fibres at a 0.5% volume fraction were added to geopolymer concretes. The specimens’ compressive strength, indirect tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, modulus of rupture, flexural toughness and fracture energy were determined. Where possible, comparative analyses where conducted to assess the performance of fibre reinforced geopolymer concrete against conventional Portland cement based systems. The flexural toughness parameters were obtained using procedure laid down in ASTM C1018, JCI-SF4 and ASTM C1609. The results indicated that the macro polyolefin fibres exhibited the largest fracture energy which is likely due to high mechanical bonding and low fibre aspect ratio. Relationships are established to predict the compressive and tensile strengths, modulus of elasticity, compressive stress–strain curve and relation between the deflection and CMOD of synthetic fibre reinforced geopolymer concrete.