Measuring Time to Biochemical Failure in the TROG 96.01 Trial: When should the clock start ticking?

J.W. Denham, A. Steigler, M. Kumar, D.S. Lamb, D.J. Joseph, Nigel Spry, K.H. Tai, C. Atkinson, S. Turner, P.B. Greer, P.S. Gleeson, C. D'Este

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    Abstract

    Purpose: We sought to determine whether short-term neoadjuvant androgen deprivation (STAD) duration influences the optimal time point from which Phoenix fail (time to biochemical failure; TTBF) should be measured. Methods and Materials: In the Trans-Tasman Radiation Oncology Group 96.01 trial, men with locally advanced prostate cancer were randomized to 3 or 6 months STAD before and during prostatic irradiation (XRT) or to XRT alone. The prognostic value of TTBF measured from the end of radiation (ERT) and randomization were compared using Cox models. Results: Between 1996 and 2000, 802 eligible patients were randomized. In 436 men with Phoenix failure, TTBF measured from randomization was a powerful predictor of prostate cancer–specific survival and marginally more accurate than TTBF measured from ERT in Cox models. Insufficient data were available to confirm that TTBF measured from testosterone recovery may also be a suitable option. Conclusions: TTBF measured from randomization (commencement of therapy) performed well in this trial dataset and will be a convenient option if this finding holds in other datasets that include long-term androgen deprivation data. ©2009 Elsevier Inc.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1008-1012
    JournalINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS
    Volume75
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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