Measuring particle concentration in multiphase pipe flow using acoustic backscatter: Generalization of the dual-frequency inversion method

Hugh P. Rice, Michael Fairweather, Timothy N. Hunter, Bashar Mahmoud, Simon Biggs, Jeff Peakall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A technique that is an extension of an earlier approach for marine sediments is presented for determining the acoustic attenuation and backscattering coefficients of suspensions of particles of arbitrary materials of general engineering interest. It is necessary to know these coefficients (published values of which exist for quartz sand only) in order to implement an ultrasonic dual-frequency inversion method, in which the backscattered signals received by transducers operating at two frequencies in the megahertz range are used to determine the concentration profile in suspensions of solid particles in a carrier fluid. To demonstrate the application of this dual-frequency method to engineering flows, particle concentration profiles are calculated in turbulent, horizontal pipe flow. The observed trends in the measured attenuation and backscatter coefficients, which are compared to estimates based on the available quartz sand data, and the resulting concentration profiles, demonstrate that this method has potential for measuring the settling and segregation behavior of real suspensions and slurries in a range of applications, such as the nuclear and minerals processing industries, and is able to distinguish between homogeneous, heterogeneous, and bed-forming flow regimes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-169
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume136
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

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