Split dielectric resonators operating in a quasi-TE011 mode were used for the measurement of the complex permittivity and the complex permeability of planar metamaterials deposited on low-loss dielectric substrates at microwave frequencies. Separation of the complex permittivity from the complex permeability for a specific metamaterial was achieved by performing measurements of the resonance frequencies and the Q-factors of a split post-dielectric resonator with two samples having different diameters but identical patterns. Measurements of the resonance frequencies and the Q-factors of empty substrates served as reference materials to determine the resonance frequency shifts and Q-factor changes due to the presence of the metamaterial only. The effective complex permittivity and permeability were determined on the basis of accurate electromagnetic modeling of the resonance structures containing the samples.
Krupka, J., Derzakowski, K., & Hartnett, J. (2009). Measurements of the complex permittivity and the complex permeability of low and medium loss isotropic and uniaxially anisotropic metamaterials at microwave frequencies. Measurement Science & Technology, 20(10), Article number 105702, 5pp. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-0233/20/10/105702