MDM2/CDK4 gene amplification in large/deep-seated 'lipomas': Incidence, predictors and clinical significance

Daniel D. Wong , Irene C. Low, Joanne Peverall, Peter D. Robbins, Dominic Spagnolo, Robert Nairn, Richard Carey-Smith, David Wood

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2016 Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia. This study of 140 cases assessed the incidence of MDM2/CDK4 gene amplification in lipomatous neoplasms with histological features of a lipoma but which were of clinical concern due to large size (=50 mm) and/or deep-seated (subfascial) location. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were used to identify clinical, radiological and pathological predictors of gene amplification. Differences in local recurrence rates between amplified and non-amplified cases were assessed using survival analysis. The findings indicate that the incidence of MDM2/CDK4 amplification in this setting is low at 5% (95%CI 1.4-8.6%). Variables associated with amplification on univariate analysis were tumour site (thigh, p = 0.004), size (>100 mm, p = 0.033) and presence of equivocal atypia (p = 0.001). Independent predictors on multivariate analysis were size (OR 3.9, 95%CI 1.4-11.3, p = 0.012) and presence of equivocal atypia (OR 12.5, 95%CI 1.9-80.3, p = 0.008). There was no significant difference in local recurrence rates between amplified and non-amplified cases (p = 0.461) based on a median follow-up time of 31 months. Assessment for MDM2/CDK4 amplification, therefore, should be considered in 'lipomas' which are >100 mm in size, show equivocal atypia and arise in the thigh. However, the clinical significance of gene amplification in this setting is unclear and requires confirmation in larger studies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)203-209
    Number of pages7
    JournalPathology
    Volume48
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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