MBE growth of high quality HgCdSe on GaSb substrates

W. Lei, Y. L. Ren, I. Madni, G. A. Umana-Membreno, L. Faraone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This paper demonstrates MBE growth of high quality HgCdSe infrared materials on GaSb (211)B substrates. The as-grown Hg1−xCdxSe samples have a range of x-values (x = 0.37–0.18) and cut-off wavelengths (λc = 3.9–10.4 μm at 80 K), and show typical n-type semiconductor behaviour. At a measurement temperature of 80 K, the as-grown HgCdSe samples with x = 0.18 present a cut-off wavelength of 10.4 μm, an electron mobility as high as 1.3 × 105 cm2 V−1 s−1, a background electron concentration as low as 1.6 × 1016 cm−3, and a minority carrier lifetime as long as 2.2 μs. These values of electron mobility and minority carrier lifetime represent a significant improvement on previous studies of MBE-grown HgCdSe reported in the open literature, and are comparable to those of corresponding HgCdTe materials grown on lattice-matched CdZnTe substrates. This high material quality is primarily due to the nearly lattice-matched epitaxial growth of HgCdSe on GaSb, as well as an optimised growth temperature. These preliminary results indicate that HgCdSe materials grown on GaSb can meet the basic material quality requirements for the fabrication of high performance infrared detectors, although further effort is required in order to reduce the background electron concentration to <1015 cm−3. Furthermore, even higher quality HgCdSe materials on GaSb are expected by further optimization of the growth conditions, using higher purity Se source material, and implementing post-growth thermal annealing in a Se environment. The results of this study demonstrate the great potential of HgCdSe infrared materials grown on large-area commercially-available substrates for meeting the requirements of next generation infrared imaging focal plane arrays with features of lower cost and larger array format size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-202
Number of pages6
JournalInfrared Physics and Technology
Volume92
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Fingerprint

Molecular beam epitaxy
Substrates
carrier lifetime
minority carriers
electron mobility
cut-off
Carrier lifetime
Electron mobility
requirements
n-type semiconductors
infrared detectors
focal plane devices
wavelengths
format
temperature measurement
Infrared radiation
purity
electrons
Wavelength
Focal plane arrays

Cite this

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title = "MBE growth of high quality HgCdSe on GaSb substrates",
abstract = "This paper demonstrates MBE growth of high quality HgCdSe infrared materials on GaSb (211)B substrates. The as-grown Hg1−xCdxSe samples have a range of x-values (x = 0.37–0.18) and cut-off wavelengths (λc = 3.9–10.4 μm at 80 K), and show typical n-type semiconductor behaviour. At a measurement temperature of 80 K, the as-grown HgCdSe samples with x = 0.18 present a cut-off wavelength of 10.4 μm, an electron mobility as high as 1.3 × 105 cm2 V−1 s−1, a background electron concentration as low as 1.6 × 1016 cm−3, and a minority carrier lifetime as long as 2.2 μs. These values of electron mobility and minority carrier lifetime represent a significant improvement on previous studies of MBE-grown HgCdSe reported in the open literature, and are comparable to those of corresponding HgCdTe materials grown on lattice-matched CdZnTe substrates. This high material quality is primarily due to the nearly lattice-matched epitaxial growth of HgCdSe on GaSb, as well as an optimised growth temperature. These preliminary results indicate that HgCdSe materials grown on GaSb can meet the basic material quality requirements for the fabrication of high performance infrared detectors, although further effort is required in order to reduce the background electron concentration to <1015 cm−3. Furthermore, even higher quality HgCdSe materials on GaSb are expected by further optimization of the growth conditions, using higher purity Se source material, and implementing post-growth thermal annealing in a Se environment. The results of this study demonstrate the great potential of HgCdSe infrared materials grown on large-area commercially-available substrates for meeting the requirements of next generation infrared imaging focal plane arrays with features of lower cost and larger array format size.",
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MBE growth of high quality HgCdSe on GaSb substrates. / Lei, W.; Ren, Y. L.; Madni, I.; Umana-Membreno, G. A.; Faraone, L.

In: Infrared Physics and Technology, Vol. 92, 01.08.2018, p. 197-202.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - MBE growth of high quality HgCdSe on GaSb substrates

AU - Lei, W.

AU - Ren, Y. L.

AU - Madni, I.

AU - Umana-Membreno, G. A.

AU - Faraone, L.

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - This paper demonstrates MBE growth of high quality HgCdSe infrared materials on GaSb (211)B substrates. The as-grown Hg1−xCdxSe samples have a range of x-values (x = 0.37–0.18) and cut-off wavelengths (λc = 3.9–10.4 μm at 80 K), and show typical n-type semiconductor behaviour. At a measurement temperature of 80 K, the as-grown HgCdSe samples with x = 0.18 present a cut-off wavelength of 10.4 μm, an electron mobility as high as 1.3 × 105 cm2 V−1 s−1, a background electron concentration as low as 1.6 × 1016 cm−3, and a minority carrier lifetime as long as 2.2 μs. These values of electron mobility and minority carrier lifetime represent a significant improvement on previous studies of MBE-grown HgCdSe reported in the open literature, and are comparable to those of corresponding HgCdTe materials grown on lattice-matched CdZnTe substrates. This high material quality is primarily due to the nearly lattice-matched epitaxial growth of HgCdSe on GaSb, as well as an optimised growth temperature. These preliminary results indicate that HgCdSe materials grown on GaSb can meet the basic material quality requirements for the fabrication of high performance infrared detectors, although further effort is required in order to reduce the background electron concentration to <1015 cm−3. Furthermore, even higher quality HgCdSe materials on GaSb are expected by further optimization of the growth conditions, using higher purity Se source material, and implementing post-growth thermal annealing in a Se environment. The results of this study demonstrate the great potential of HgCdSe infrared materials grown on large-area commercially-available substrates for meeting the requirements of next generation infrared imaging focal plane arrays with features of lower cost and larger array format size.

AB - This paper demonstrates MBE growth of high quality HgCdSe infrared materials on GaSb (211)B substrates. The as-grown Hg1−xCdxSe samples have a range of x-values (x = 0.37–0.18) and cut-off wavelengths (λc = 3.9–10.4 μm at 80 K), and show typical n-type semiconductor behaviour. At a measurement temperature of 80 K, the as-grown HgCdSe samples with x = 0.18 present a cut-off wavelength of 10.4 μm, an electron mobility as high as 1.3 × 105 cm2 V−1 s−1, a background electron concentration as low as 1.6 × 1016 cm−3, and a minority carrier lifetime as long as 2.2 μs. These values of electron mobility and minority carrier lifetime represent a significant improvement on previous studies of MBE-grown HgCdSe reported in the open literature, and are comparable to those of corresponding HgCdTe materials grown on lattice-matched CdZnTe substrates. This high material quality is primarily due to the nearly lattice-matched epitaxial growth of HgCdSe on GaSb, as well as an optimised growth temperature. These preliminary results indicate that HgCdSe materials grown on GaSb can meet the basic material quality requirements for the fabrication of high performance infrared detectors, although further effort is required in order to reduce the background electron concentration to <1015 cm−3. Furthermore, even higher quality HgCdSe materials on GaSb are expected by further optimization of the growth conditions, using higher purity Se source material, and implementing post-growth thermal annealing in a Se environment. The results of this study demonstrate the great potential of HgCdSe infrared materials grown on large-area commercially-available substrates for meeting the requirements of next generation infrared imaging focal plane arrays with features of lower cost and larger array format size.

KW - GaSb

KW - HgCdSe

KW - Infrared materials

KW - Molecular beam epitaxy

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DO - 10.1016/j.infrared.2018.05.024

M3 - Article

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SN - 1350-4495

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