Matrix formulation and singular-value decomposition algorithm for structured varimax rotation in multivariate singular spectrum analysis

Leonardo L. Portes, Luis A. Aguirre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Groth and Ghil [Phys. Rev. E 84, 036206 (2011)PLEEE81539-375510.1103/PhysRevE.84.036206] developed a modified varimax rotation aimed at enhancing the ability of the multivariate singular spectrum analysis (M-SSA) to characterize phase synchronization in systems of coupled chaotic oscillators. Due to the special structure of the M-SSA eigenvectors, the modification proposed by Groth and Ghil imposes a constraint in the rotation of blocks of components associated with the different subsystems. Accordingly, here we call it a structured varimax rotation (SVR). The SVR was presented as successive pairwise rotations of the eigenvectors. The aim of this paper is threefold. First, we develop a closed matrix formulation for the entire family of structured orthomax rotation criteria, for which the SVR is a special case. Second, this matrix approach is used to enable the use of known singular value algorithms for fast computation, allowing a simultaneous rotation of the M-SSA eigenvectors (a Python code is provided in the Appendix). This could be critical in the characterization of phase synchronization phenomena in large real systems of coupled oscillators. Furthermore, the closed algebraic matrix formulation could be used in theoretical studies of the (modified) M-SSA approach. Third, we illustrate the use of the proposed singular value algorithm for the SVR in the context of the two benchmark examples of Groth and Ghil: the Rössler system in the chaotic (i) phase-coherent and (ii) funnel regimes. Comparison with the results obtained with Kaiser's original (unstructured) varimax rotation (UVR) reveals that both SVR and UVR give the same result for the phase-coherent scenario, but for the more complex behavior (ii) only the SVR improves on the M-SSA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052216
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume93
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2016
Externally publishedYes

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