Maternal and Intra-amniotic Corticosteriod Effects on Lung Morphometry in Preterm Lambs

Graeme Polglase, Ilias Nitsos, A.H. Jobe, John Newnham, T.J. Moss

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    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We investigated the effects of intra-amniotic (IA) betamethasone or budesonide injections on lung structure 2 or 7 d after treatment in preterm fetal sheep. Pregnant ewes received intra-amniotic betamethasone (2 mg/kg fetal weight), budesonide (2 mg/kg), saline or maternal intramuscular betamethasone (0.5 mg/kg maternal weight), or saline. Lambs were delivered 2 or 7 d later at 124 d of gestation. Morphometric analysis was conducted on the fight upper lung lobe. Intra-amniotic corticosteroids, 2 or 7 d before delivery, resulted in higher average alveolar volumes than controls (2 d: 25%-35%, 7d: 15%-25%). All corticosteroid treatments resulted in thinning of alveolar walls 7 d after treatment and a higher proportion of alveolar ducts and a lower alveolar wall fraction relative to controls 2 or 7 d after treatment. The changes in structural lung indices correlated with the improved lung function at 2 d. Structural lung indices and increased surfactant correlated with the improved lung function at 7 d. Similar structural changes induced by intra-amniotic corticosteroids and maternal intramuscular betamethasone were associated with improvements in lung function at 2 and 7 d.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)32-36
    JournalPediatric Research
    Volume62
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

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