Maternal and fetal outcomes after therapy for hodgkin or non-hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed during pregnancy

Chelsea C. Pinnix, Eleanor M. Osborne, Dai Chihara, Peter Lai, Shouhao Zhou, Mildred M. Ramirez, Yasuhiro Oki, Frederick B. Hagemeister, M. Alma Rodriguez, Felipe Samaniego, Nathan H. Fowler, Jorge E. Romaguera, Francesco Turturro, Luis E. Fayad, Jason R. Westin, Loretta J. Nastoupil, Sattva S. Neelapu, Chan Y. Cheah, Bouthaina S. Dabaja, Sarah A. MilgromGrace L. Smith, Patricia Horace, Andrea Milbourne, Christine F. Wogan, Lesliemd Ballas, Michelle A Fanale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


IMPORTANCE The management of lymphoma diagnosed during pregnancy is controversial and has been guided largely by findings from case reports and small series. OBJECTIVE To determine maternal and fetal outcomes of women diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) or non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) during pregnancy. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This retrospective analysis studied a cohort of 39 pregnant women diagnosed with HL and NHL (31 HL and 8 NHL) at a single specialized cancer institution between January 1991 and December 2014. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES We examined data on disease and treatment characteristics, as well as maternal and fetal complications and outcomes. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) according to receipt of antenatal therapy and other clinical factors. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed by using Cox proportional hazard regression models to identify potential associations between clinical and treatment factors and survival. RESULTS The median (range) age of the 39 women in the patient cohort was 28 (19-38) years; 32 women (82%) had stage I or II disease at diagnosis, and 13 had bulky disease. Three women electively terminated the pregnancy to allow immediate systemic therapy; of the remaining 36 women, 24 received antenatal therapy (doxorubicin based combination chemotherapy in 20 of 24 patients), and 12 deferred therapy until after delivery. Four women experienced miscarriage, all of whom had received antenatal systemic therapy and 2 during the first trimester. Delivery occurred at a median (range) of 37 (32-42) weeks and was no different based on receipt of antenatal (median [range], 37 [33-42] weeks) vs postnatal (median [range], 37 [32-42] weeks) therapy (P = .21). No gross fetal malformations or anomalies were detected. At a median (range) follow-up time of 67.9 (8.8-277.5) months since the diagnosis of lymphoma, 5-year rates of PFS and OS were 74.7%and 82.4%, respectively; these rates did not differ according to timing of therapy. On univariate analysis, bulky disease (>10 cm), extranodal nonbone marrow involvement, and poor performance status (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score,-2) predicted increased risk of disease progression. On multivariate analysis, extranodal nonbone marrow disease and performance status remained significant for both PFS and OS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1065-1069
Number of pages5
JournalJAMA Oncology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Maternal and fetal outcomes after therapy for hodgkin or non-hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed during pregnancy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this