Massage alleviates delayed onset muscle soreness after strenuous exercise: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Jianmin Guo, Linjin Li, Yuxiang Gong, Rong Zhu, Jiake Xu, Jun Zou, Xi Chen

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of massage on alleviating delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) and muscle performance after strenuous exercise. Method: Seven databases consisting of PubMed, Embase, EBSCO, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang were searched up to December 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were eligible and the outcomes of muscle soreness, performance (including muscle maximal isometric force (MIF) and peak torque) and creatine kinase (CK) were used to assess the effectiveness of massage intervention on DOMS. Results: Eleven articles with a total of 23 data points (involving 504 participants) satisfied the inclusion criteria and were pooled in the meta-analysis. The findings demonstrated that muscle soreness rating decreased significantly when the participants received massage intervention compared with no intervention at 24 h (SMD: -0.61, 95% CI: -1.17 to -0.05, P = 0.03), 48 h (SMD: -1.51, 95% CI: -2.24 to -0.77, P < 0.001), 72 h (SMD: -1.46, 95% CI: -2.59 to -0.33, P = 0.01) and in total (SMD: -1.16, 95% CI: -1.60 to -0.72, P < 0.001) after intense exercise. Additionally, massage therapy improved MIF (SMD: 0.56, 95% CI: 0.21-0.90, P = 0.002) and peak torque (SMD: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.04-0.71, P = 0.03) as total effects. Furthermore, the serum CK level was reduced when participants received massage intervention (SMD: -0.64, 95% CI: -1.04 to -0.25, P = 0.001). Conclusion: The current evidence suggests that massage therapy after strenuous exercise could be effective for alleviating DOMS and improving muscle performance.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number747
    JournalFrontiers in Physiology
    Volume8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 27 Sep 2017

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    Massage
    Myalgia
    Meta-Analysis
    Torque
    Creatine Kinase
    Muscles
    Library Science
    PubMed
    Randomized Controlled Trials
    Databases
    Serum

    Cite this

    Guo, Jianmin ; Li, Linjin ; Gong, Yuxiang ; Zhu, Rong ; Xu, Jiake ; Zou, Jun ; Chen, Xi. / Massage alleviates delayed onset muscle soreness after strenuous exercise : A systematic review and meta-analysis. In: Frontiers in Physiology. 2017 ; Vol. 8.
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    title = "Massage alleviates delayed onset muscle soreness after strenuous exercise: A systematic review and meta-analysis",
    abstract = "Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of massage on alleviating delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) and muscle performance after strenuous exercise. Method: Seven databases consisting of PubMed, Embase, EBSCO, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang were searched up to December 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were eligible and the outcomes of muscle soreness, performance (including muscle maximal isometric force (MIF) and peak torque) and creatine kinase (CK) were used to assess the effectiveness of massage intervention on DOMS. Results: Eleven articles with a total of 23 data points (involving 504 participants) satisfied the inclusion criteria and were pooled in the meta-analysis. The findings demonstrated that muscle soreness rating decreased significantly when the participants received massage intervention compared with no intervention at 24 h (SMD: -0.61, 95{\%} CI: -1.17 to -0.05, P = 0.03), 48 h (SMD: -1.51, 95{\%} CI: -2.24 to -0.77, P < 0.001), 72 h (SMD: -1.46, 95{\%} CI: -2.59 to -0.33, P = 0.01) and in total (SMD: -1.16, 95{\%} CI: -1.60 to -0.72, P < 0.001) after intense exercise. Additionally, massage therapy improved MIF (SMD: 0.56, 95{\%} CI: 0.21-0.90, P = 0.002) and peak torque (SMD: 0.38, 95{\%} CI: 0.04-0.71, P = 0.03) as total effects. Furthermore, the serum CK level was reduced when participants received massage intervention (SMD: -0.64, 95{\%} CI: -1.04 to -0.25, P = 0.001). Conclusion: The current evidence suggests that massage therapy after strenuous exercise could be effective for alleviating DOMS and improving muscle performance.",
    keywords = "Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), Exercise, Massage, Meta-analysis, Physiotherapy, Systematic review",
    author = "Jianmin Guo and Linjin Li and Yuxiang Gong and Rong Zhu and Jiake Xu and Jun Zou and Xi Chen",
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    Massage alleviates delayed onset muscle soreness after strenuous exercise : A systematic review and meta-analysis. / Guo, Jianmin; Li, Linjin; Gong, Yuxiang; Zhu, Rong; Xu, Jiake; Zou, Jun; Chen, Xi.

    In: Frontiers in Physiology, Vol. 8, 747, 27.09.2017.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Massage alleviates delayed onset muscle soreness after strenuous exercise

    T2 - A systematic review and meta-analysis

    AU - Guo, Jianmin

    AU - Li, Linjin

    AU - Gong, Yuxiang

    AU - Zhu, Rong

    AU - Xu, Jiake

    AU - Zou, Jun

    AU - Chen, Xi

    PY - 2017/9/27

    Y1 - 2017/9/27

    N2 - Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of massage on alleviating delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) and muscle performance after strenuous exercise. Method: Seven databases consisting of PubMed, Embase, EBSCO, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang were searched up to December 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were eligible and the outcomes of muscle soreness, performance (including muscle maximal isometric force (MIF) and peak torque) and creatine kinase (CK) were used to assess the effectiveness of massage intervention on DOMS. Results: Eleven articles with a total of 23 data points (involving 504 participants) satisfied the inclusion criteria and were pooled in the meta-analysis. The findings demonstrated that muscle soreness rating decreased significantly when the participants received massage intervention compared with no intervention at 24 h (SMD: -0.61, 95% CI: -1.17 to -0.05, P = 0.03), 48 h (SMD: -1.51, 95% CI: -2.24 to -0.77, P < 0.001), 72 h (SMD: -1.46, 95% CI: -2.59 to -0.33, P = 0.01) and in total (SMD: -1.16, 95% CI: -1.60 to -0.72, P < 0.001) after intense exercise. Additionally, massage therapy improved MIF (SMD: 0.56, 95% CI: 0.21-0.90, P = 0.002) and peak torque (SMD: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.04-0.71, P = 0.03) as total effects. Furthermore, the serum CK level was reduced when participants received massage intervention (SMD: -0.64, 95% CI: -1.04 to -0.25, P = 0.001). Conclusion: The current evidence suggests that massage therapy after strenuous exercise could be effective for alleviating DOMS and improving muscle performance.

    AB - Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of massage on alleviating delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) and muscle performance after strenuous exercise. Method: Seven databases consisting of PubMed, Embase, EBSCO, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang were searched up to December 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were eligible and the outcomes of muscle soreness, performance (including muscle maximal isometric force (MIF) and peak torque) and creatine kinase (CK) were used to assess the effectiveness of massage intervention on DOMS. Results: Eleven articles with a total of 23 data points (involving 504 participants) satisfied the inclusion criteria and were pooled in the meta-analysis. The findings demonstrated that muscle soreness rating decreased significantly when the participants received massage intervention compared with no intervention at 24 h (SMD: -0.61, 95% CI: -1.17 to -0.05, P = 0.03), 48 h (SMD: -1.51, 95% CI: -2.24 to -0.77, P < 0.001), 72 h (SMD: -1.46, 95% CI: -2.59 to -0.33, P = 0.01) and in total (SMD: -1.16, 95% CI: -1.60 to -0.72, P < 0.001) after intense exercise. Additionally, massage therapy improved MIF (SMD: 0.56, 95% CI: 0.21-0.90, P = 0.002) and peak torque (SMD: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.04-0.71, P = 0.03) as total effects. Furthermore, the serum CK level was reduced when participants received massage intervention (SMD: -0.64, 95% CI: -1.04 to -0.25, P = 0.001). Conclusion: The current evidence suggests that massage therapy after strenuous exercise could be effective for alleviating DOMS and improving muscle performance.

    KW - Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS)

    KW - Exercise

    KW - Massage

    KW - Meta-analysis

    KW - Physiotherapy

    KW - Systematic review

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    U2 - 10.3389/fphys.2017.00747

    DO - 10.3389/fphys.2017.00747

    M3 - Review article

    VL - 8

    JO - Frontiers in Physiology

    JF - Frontiers in Physiology

    SN - 1664-042X

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