Mapping of partial resistance to Phytophthora sojae in soybean PIs using whole-genome sequencing reveals a major QTL

Maxime de Ronne, Parthasarathy Santhanam, Benjamin Cinget, Caroline Labbé, Amandine Lebreton, Heng Ye, Tri D. Vuong, Haifei Hu, Babu Valliyodan, David Edwards, Henry T. Nguyen, François Belzile, Richard Bélanger

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10 Citations (Scopus)


In the last decade, more than 70 quantitative trait loci (QTL) related to soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] partial resistance (PR) against Phytophthora sojae have been identified by genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, most of them have either a minor effect on the resistance level or are specific to a single phenotypic variable or one isolate, thereby limiting their use in breeding programs. In this study, we have used an analytical approach combining (a) the phenotypic characterization of a diverse panel of 357 soybean accessions for resistance to P. sojae captured through a single variable, corrected dry weight; (b) a new hydroponic assay allowing the inoculation of a combination of P. sojae isolates covering the spectrum of commercially relevant Rps genes; and (c) exhaustive genotyping through whole-genome resequencing (WGS). This led to the identification of a novel P. sojae resistance QTL with a relatively major effect compared with the previously reported QTL. The QTL interval, spanning ∼500 kb on chromosome (Chr) 15, does not colocalize with previously reported QTL for P. sojae resistance. Plants carrying the favorable allele at this QTL were 60% more resistant. Eight genes were found to reside in the linkage disequilibrium (LD) block containing the peak single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) including Glyma.15G217100, which encodes a major latex protein (MLP)-like protein, with a functional annotation related to pathogen resistance. Expression analysis of Glyma.15G217100 indicated that it was nearly eight times more highly expressed in a group of plant introductions (PIs) carrying the resistant (R) allele compared with those carrying the susceptible (S) allele within a short period after inoculation. These results offer new and valuable options to develop improved soybean cultivars with broad resistance to P. sojae through marker-assisted selection.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere20184
JournalPlant Genome
Issue number1
Early online date28 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


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