Management of depression in patients with coronary artery disease: A systematic review

Wole Akosile, Babangida Tiyatiye, David Colquhoun, Ross Young

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Depression is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Both illnesses contribute significantly to the global burden of disease. This systematic literature review examines treatment interventions for CAD patients with comorbid depression. We systematically reviewed The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PUBMED, CINAHL and the ISRCTN Registry for English language randomised control trials investigating treatment interventions for depression in adults with CAD and comorbid depression. Data extracted included author name(s), year published, number of participants, enrolment criteria, depression definition/measures (standardised interviews, rating scales), description of control arms and interventions (psychotherapy and/or medications), randomisation, blinding, follow-up duration, follow-up loss, depression scores and medical outcome. The database search revealed 4464 articles. The review yielded 19 trials. Antidepressant and/or psychotherapy did not significantly influence CAD outcomes in the overall population. There was no difference between antidepressant use and aerobic exercises. Psychological interventions and pharmacological interventions provide small effect on depression outcomes in CAD patients. Patient autonomy in choice of treatment is associated with greater depression treatment satisfaction, but the majority of studies are underpowered. More research is required to explore the role of neurostimulation treatment, complementary and alternative treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103534
JournalAsian Journal of Psychiatry
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


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