Background: The best management of acute uncomplicated type B aortic dissection is currently a controversial area. Recent advances in endovascular intervention have begun to establish pre-emptive thoracic endovascular aortic repair as a potential strategy. A review about the management for type B aortic dissection has been conducted. Methods: A narrative review consisting of 157 original articles, meta-analyses and guidelines was conducted. The findings were synthesized and summarized using 70 articles. Results: There are clear guidelines directing surgical management of acute complicated type B aortic dissection. However, the best management of acute uncomplicated disease is more ambiguous, which is especially concerning in a condition which is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Medical management alone is generally favoured. Endovascular intervention is now being considered by some surgeons, but it can be technically difficult, while exposing the patient to potential surgical risks. Conclusions: Clinical and anatomical risk factors have been identified to help vascular surgeons make decisions about treatment in acute uncomplicated type B aortic dissection. New endovascular strategies are being developed to reduce surgical risk and address technical challenges. Registry data should be used to support future best management.