Magnetotelluric data from the Southeastern Capricorn Orogen, Western Australia: an example of widespread out-of-quadrant phase responses associated with strong 3-D resistivity contrasts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Out-of-quadrant impedance phases (POQ) have been observed in several magnetotelluric (MT) data sets around the world, hampering the modelling and interpretation of the data. These anomalous responses are usually observed in small groups of sites and have been variously interpreted as due to electrical anisotropy, galvanic distortion, 2-D structures with large resistivity contrasts, or 3-D conductive bodies, such as L-shaped conductors.We present here what is possibly a unique land-based MT data set characterized by an exceptionally
large number of sites with POQ. TheMT data were collected in the southeastern margin of the CapricornOrogen (Western Australia). This is an area with a complex geological history,which is evident in the MT responses. Given the characteristics of the study area, which includes very high resistivity Archean terrains surrounded by low resistivity Palaeoproterozoic basins, strong resistivity contrasts involving complex 3-D structures are a possible cause of this unusual behaviour. This is confirmed by 3-D forward modelling using models based on the general geology of the study area, as well as by the 3-D inversion results. A comparison of the real and synthetic data, derived from 3-D forward modelling, using the same parameters suggests that the proposed scenario is a realistic explanation for most of the anomalous phases observed in this data set. Synthetic data are not affected by galvanic distortion or electrical
anisotropy, so the good match observed between the real and synthetic MT responses is likely due to 3-D inductive effects. Previous explanations for POQ responses, such as blocks with electrical anisotropy and 3-D L-shaped conductors, are not required and are considered to be less likely causes of the POQ responses on geological grounds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1022-1032
Number of pages11
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Volume212
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Magnetotelluric data from the Southeastern Capricorn Orogen, Western Australia: an example of widespread out-of-quadrant phase responses associated with strong 3-D resistivity contrasts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this