Magnetic susceptibility contrasts in Ordovician greywackes of the Southern Uplands of Scotland

J. D. Floyd, A. Trench

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


Ordovician greywacke formations of the Southern Uplands are demonstrated to have consistent differences in magnetic susceptibility, which parallel differences in petrography. The observed susceptibilities range from a minimum of 0.16 × 10-3SI for the quartz-rich, feldspar-poor Glenwhargen Formation to a maximum of 13.81 × 10-3SI for the quartz-poor, feldspar-rich Marchburn Formation, and are considered to be directly related to variation in the amount of detrital magnetite in the greywackes. Rapid measurement of magnetic susceptibility is demonstrated to be a valuable field technique for distinguishing otherwise uniform sedimentary sequences on the basis of differing magnetite content. Detailed field observations illustrate considerable variation in susceptibility within metre-scale sections perpendicular to bedding through graded sedimentary units, which may be caused by density and/or grain-size effects. Laboratory measurements of the intensity of natural remanent magnetisation in the petrographically contrasting Kirkcolm and Galdenoch formations show a similar variation to that observed in susceptibility. Thermally distributed, scattered magnetization directions indicate that no primary remanence has survived the low-grade burial metamorphic event in the Southern Uplands. -Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-83
Number of pages7
JournalJournal - Geological Society (London)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

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