The Neoproterozoic Aries kimberlite was emplaced in the central Kimberley Basin, Western Australia, as a N-NNE-trending series of three diatremes infilled by lithic-rich kimberlite breccias. The breccias are intruded by hypabyssal macrocrystic phlogopite kimberlite dykes that exhibit differentiation to a minor, high-Na-Si, olivine-phlogopite-richterite kimberlite, and late-stage macrocrystic serpentine-diopside ultramafic dykes. Mineralogical and geochemical evidence suggests that the high-Na-Si, olivine-phlogopite-richterite kimberlite was derived from the macrocrystic phlogopite kimberlite as a residual liquid following extended phlogopite crystallization and the assimilation of country rock sandstone, and that the macrocrystic serpentine-diopside ultramafic dykes formed as mafic cumulates from a macrocrystic phlogopite kimberlite. Chemical zonation of phlogopite-biotite phenocrysts indicates a complex magmatic history for the Aries kimberlite, with the early inheritance of a range of high-Ti phlogopite-biotite xenocrysts from metasomatized mantle lithologies, followed by the crystallization of a population of high-Cr phlogopite phenocrysts within the spinel facies lithospheric mantle. A further one to two phlogopite-biotite overgrowth rims of distinct composition formed on the phlogopite phenocrysts at higher levels during ascent to the surface. Ultra-violet laser Ar-40/Ar-39 dating of mica grain rims yielded a kimberlite eruption age of 815.4 +/- 4.3 Ma (95% confidence). Ar-40/Ar-39 laser profiling of one high-Ti phlogopite-biotite macrocryst revealed a radiogenic Ar-40 diffusive loss profile, from which a kimberlite magma ascent duration from the spinel facies lithospheric mantle was estimated (assuming an average kimberlite magma temperature of 1000 degrees C), yielding a value of similar to 0.23-2.32 days for the north extension lobe of the Aries kimberlite.
Downes, P. J., Wartho, J., & Griffin, B. (2006). Magmatic evolution and ascent history of the Aries micaceous kimberlite, Central Kimberley Basin, Western Australia: Evidence from zoned phlogopite phenocrysts, and UV lase r40Ar/39Ar analysis of phlogopite-biotite. Journal of Petrology, 47(9), 1751-1783. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egl026