Lupinus luteus cv. Wodjil takes up more phosphorus and cadmium than Lupinus angustifolius cv. Kalya

R. Brennan, Michael Bolland

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    17 Citations (Scopus)


    A field experiment on an acidic lateritic ironstone gravel sand in south-western Australia compared how Lupinusluteus L. cv.Wodjil and L. angustifolius L. cv. Kalya used different sources of fertilizer phosphorus (P) to produceshoots and seed (grain). The sources of P were triple superphosphate, highly reactive North Carolina apatitephosphate rock and low reactive Queensland (Duchess) apatite phosphate rock, all applied 14 years previously, andtriple superphosphate applied in the current year. The fertilizers contained different concentrations of cadmium(Cd) as an impurity. Concentrations of Cd were measured in lupin shoots and grain to compare how the twospecies took up cadmium applied as the different fertilizers. L. luteus used all sources of P more effectively than L.angustifolius to produce dried shoots and grain. Per unit of applied P as each source, the concentration of P in grainof L. luteus was consistently about double that in L. angustifolius. However, P concentrations in shoots harvested2 months earlier were about similar, suggesting L. luteus transferred more P to grain. For each amount of eachsource of fertilizer P applied, the concentration of Cd in grain was always larger for L. luteus. Soil test Cd provideda good indication for when grain Cd concentration was likely to be above the maximum permissible concentration.L. luteus developed abundant third-order lateral roots (cluster roots?), which may have enabled L. luteus to take upmore P and Cd from the soil than L. angustifolius.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)167-185
    JournalPlant and Soil
    Issue number1/2
    Publication statusPublished - 2003


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